Clerodendrum micranthum Gilli
Hoslundia decumbens Benth.
Hoslundia oppositifolia P.Beauv.
Hoslundia verticillata Vahl
Micranthes menthoides Bertol.
Orthosiphon physocalycinus A.Rich.
Common Name: Kamyuye
Kamyuye is an erect or scrambling shrub-like perennial growing up to 4 metres tall[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, various medicinal uses, and essential oil. It is sometimes grown as a hedge and has also been planted on an experimental basis in Uganda for its essential oil, which is of potential use in perfumery.
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Eritrea and Somalia, through Africa south to S. Africa and Madagascar.
Secondary, fringing and savannah forest, on river-banks and on old cultivation sites[
]. Tropical and subtropical open woodland[
]. Open Brachystegia woodland and grassland at elevations from 700 - 1,540 metres in Zimbabwe[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Succeeds in tropical and subtropical climates[
]. In Tanzania it grows in areas where the mean annual rainfall is in the range 1,100 - 1,800mm[
Requires a well-drained soil, growing well in full sun[
]. Thrives in a variety of soils[
Plants respond well to being cut back, even to the ground, to promote new growth[
The plant often regenerates and flowers after fire[
The leaves are reported to have a strong unpleasant scent, which is alleged to repel bees and is thus utilized in the collection of honey[
Fruit - raw[
]. It has a soft, very sweet pulp[
]. The bright-coloured fruits are tasty[
]. Liked especially by children, the fruits are usually only eaten in small or moderate amounts since large quantities can cause nausea because of the excessive amount of sugar they contain[
]. The fruit is a yellow, rounded ribbed berry about 6mm across, containing four roughened nutlets[
Tender young leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
]. An aromatic flavour[
The plant is antipyretic and diuretic[
]. It is used as a remedy for skin diseases and as an antidote against snake-bites[
The leaves and roots are boiled and the steam inhaled for treating fevers and mental illness[
The leaves are pounded, soaked in cold water, then used as a cooling bath for babies who have fever[
The pounded leaves are used as a poultice for wounds[
The roots are boiled and the decoction drunk as an aphrodisiac; as a remedy for colds and coughs; and to relieve after-birth pains[
Responsive even to severe cutting back, the plant is used for hedges and as boundary markers[
An essential oil, known as 'Kamynye oil', is obtained from the plant[
]. It has an aroma resembling that of vanilla[
]. It has been recommended as a fixative in perfumery[
The leaves are reported to have a strong unpleasant scent, which is alleged to repel bees[
The wood is used for fuel[
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