Hortia arborea Engl.
Hortia badinii M.Lisboa ex Groppo
Hortia chocoensis Cuatrec.
Hortia colombiana Gleason
Hortia brasiliana is an evergreen tree with a dense, oval crown; it can grow 15 - 20 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 50cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. Quite ornamental when in bloom, it can be used in landscaping[
S. America - eastern Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia; C. America - Panama.
Atlantic rainforest and at higher elevations in semideciduous forests, growing on the slopes and tops of hills; favouring well-drained, clayey soils; at elevations from sea level to 1,200 metres[
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Grows best in full sun[
]. Prefers a moist, fertile, well-drained clayey soil[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
Young plants are considered to have a very slow rate of growth[
Plants can flower almost all year round[
The bark is bitter, febrifuge, stomachic and tonic[
The wood is medium and uniform-textured, straight-grained, very heavy, hard, with moderate mechanical properties and very subject to rot when exposed to the elements. It is used locally for purposes such as light cabinet making and internal works in general construction[
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a nursery seedbed. A low germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 35 - 50 days[
]. When the seedlings are 5 - 6cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 8 - 10 months later[
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