Ficus ampelas microcarpa Hochr.
Ficus ampullacea Wight ex Miq.
Ficus biglandulosa Miq.
Ficus humilis Roxb.
Ficus inconstans Miq.
Ficus javanensis Dum.Cours.
Ficus loddigesii Heynh.
Ficus madurensis Miq.
Ficus polycarpa latifolia Miq.
Ficus purpurascens Blume
Ficus purpurascens Desf.
Ficus quercifolia Roxb.
Ficus sclerocoma Miq.
Ficus smaragdina S.Moore
Ficus montana is an erect or creeping, laxly branched, very variable shrub that can grow up to 2 metres long. It is not epiphytic[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.
E. Asia - Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea.
In gullies, hard soils, forest edges, bamboo thickets, teak forests, etc., at elevations up to 1,300 metres[
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
Fruit - raw[
]. A sweetish flavour[
]. The greenish-white to red fruit is around 8 - 13mm in diameter[
Young leaves - raw[
]. Eaten in salads[
The roots, in combination with other ingredients, are used in the treatment of syphilis[
The leaves are smoked together with opium[
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