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Useful Tropical Plants

Ficus mollis

Vahl

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Ficus asinina Buch.-Ham.

Ficus tomentosa Roxb. ex Willd.

Common Name:

Ficus mollis
Tree growing in native habitat in southern India
Photograph by: J.M.Garg
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Ficus mollis Ficus mollis Ficus mollis Ficus mollis Ficus mollis

General Information

Ficus mollis is a tree growing up to 12 metres tall in one report[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
], but more than 20 metres tall according to another[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is often found growing as an epiphyte, or on old walls, but produces few aerial roots[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka.

Habitat

Forests in drier regions[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. Often found growig on old walls[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsWasps
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
413
Title
Global Invasive Species Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Very detailed information on almost 400 species (with more being added) of plants that have become weeds in areas outside their native range.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The crushed leaves are applied as a poultice to treat boils[
514
Title
Medicinal Plants Used by Chakma Tribe in Hill Tracts Districts of Bangladesh.
Publication
 
Author
Rahman M.A.; Uddin S.B.; Wilcock C.C.
Publisher
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.
Year
2007 Vol 6(3)
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of medicinal plants used by the Chakma tribe.
].

A paste made from the bark is applied as an ointment in the treatment of cuts and wounds[
782
Title
Ethnobotany of the Valaiyans of Karandamalai, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India.
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 195-203.
Author
Kottaimuthu. R.
Website
http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/ebl
Publisher
The Berkeley Electronic Press
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on the medicinal uses of plants by a tribe of people in southern India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

The white wood is moderately hard, with alternate bands of soft pale and firm dark tissue, very regular and concentric[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. No uses are recorded for it.

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ficus+mollis>

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