This species name is often spelled Ficus ampelas, but the original name was written ampelos[
Ficus asperior Miq.
Ficus bandana Miq.
Ficus blepharosepala Warb.
Ficus exasperata Roxb.
Ficus fachikoogi Koidz.
Ficus fastigiata Elmer
Ficus guyeri Elmer
Ficus hayatae Sata
Ficus irisana Elmer
Ficus javensis Miq.
Ficus kingiana Hemsl.
Ficus rubricaulis Decne.
Ficus rudis Pers.
Ficus sibuyanensis Elmer
Ficus soronensis King
Ficus tashiroi Maxim.
Ficus tenuicuspidata major Corner
Ficus todayensis Elmer
Ficus validicaudata Merr.
Ficus ampelos is an evergreen, small to medium-sized tree; it usually grows up to 15 metres tall, exceptionally to 20 metres[
]. The bole can be up to 30cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and sandpaper substitute.
E. Asia - southern Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea.
A common plant in both dense primary forest and the more open secondary formations, at low elevations[
]. Broad-leaved evergreen forests; at elevations up to around 600 metres[
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Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
Fruits - raw or cooked[
]. figs axillary and clustered on twigs, stipitate, subglobose, 7-10 mm in diameter, scabridulous, ripening to red or purple[
The latex is diuretic. It is taken internally to treat diarrhoea[
The latex of young leaves, mixed with water, is given to babies with mouth sores[
The leaves are very rough to the touch and have been used as a substitute for sandpaper[
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