Ficus anacardiifolia Kunth & C.D.BouchÃ©
Ficus andicola Standl.
Ficus arbutifolia Link
Ficus chiribiquetensis Dugand
Ficus chiriquiana (Miq.) Miq.
Ficus consanguinea Kunth & C.D.BouchÃ©
Ficus erratica Standl.
Ficus eugeniifolia (Liebm.) Hemsl.
Ficus georgii Standl. & L.O.Williams
Ficus greiffiana Dugand
Ficus grenadensis Warb.
Ficus guianensis Desv. ex Ham.
Ficus jacquinifolia A.Rich.
Ficus liebmanniana (Miq.) Miq.
Ficus martini Miq.
Ficus mensalis Standl.
Ficus myriasycea Pittier
Ficus niceforoi Dugand
Ficus oerstediana (Miq.) Miq.
Ficus omphalophora Warb.
Ficus parkeriana (Miq.) Sandwith
Ficus perforata L.
Ficus periplocifolia Kunth & C.D.BouchÃ©
Ficus rigidifolia Pittier
Ficus sintenisii Warb.
Ficus splendens Kunth & C.D.BouchÃ©
Ficus subapiculata (Miq.) Miq.
Ficus subaporuloides Warb. ex Glaz.
Ficus sylvestris Miq.
Ficus umbonigera Warb.
Ficus wilsonii Warb.
Pharmacosycea parkeriana Miq.
Urostigma anacardiifolum (Kunth & C.D.BouchÃ©) Miq.
Urostigma arbutifolium (Link) Miq.
Urostigma consanguineum (Kunth & C.D.BouchÃ©) Miq.
Urostigma splendens (Kunth & C.D.BouchÃ©) Miq.
Urostigma subapiculatum Miq.
Ficus americana is an evergreen plant; it can vary in habit from a large-crowned epiphytic shrub growing up to 6 metres tall on the branch of a tree, to a tree with a dense, spreading crown up to 15 metres tall growing in the soil. The bole can be 30cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to southern Mexico; throughout the Caribbean.
Water courses, savannah margins, in ridge, rain and mountain savannah, and montane forests, especially in swampy places[
The tree probably flowers and produces fruit all year round in Puerto Rico[
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. Must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
The latex from the stems is taken internally to relieve a sore stomach[
The latex is used externally in a plaster to soothe abdominal pains[
The sapwood is whitish and soft. The wood is soft, fairly light in weight, weak, and not durable. It is used for posts[
The wood is used for fuel[
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