Andropogon amboinicus (L.) Merr.
Cynodon ciliaris (L.) Raspail
Eragrostis amboinensis Trin. ex Steud.
Eragrostis amboinica (L.) Druce
Eragrostis arabica Jaub. & Spach
Eragrostis boryana (Willd.) Steud.
Eragrostis compta Link
Eragrostis lobata Trin.
Eragrostis pulchella Parl.
Eragrostis villosa Trin.
Erosion ciliare (L.) Lunell
Macroblepharus contractus Phil.
Megastachya boryana (Willd.) Roem. & Schult.
Megastachya ciliaris (L.) P.Beauv.
Poa amboinensis L.
Poa amboinica L.
Poa boryana Willd.
Poa ciliaris L.
Poa compta (Link) Kunth
Poa elegans Poir.
Poa elliptica Willd. ex Steud.
Poa lobata (Trin.) Kunth
Eragrostis ciliaris is a loosely clump-forming, annual to short-lived perennial grass, with erect or ascending, usually unbranched culms up to 60cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
Tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, through the Indian Ocean and Arabia to E. Asia in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines.
Grassland on river banks and swamp margins, and on coastal and lake-shore dunes, in sandy soils; also a common weed of disturbed ground, old cultivation and roadsides; at elevations from sea-level to over 1,400 metres[
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The plant succeeds in sandy soils, even in pure coastal sands[
The plant is often found as a weed of cultivation[
Seed - eaten as a cereal[
]. It has good nutritional value[
]. The seed is small and fiddly to utilize - it is most commonly seen as a famine food, used when nothing better is available[
The plant is reduced to ash, which is spread over cuts, burns and the like in order to clean them and promote healing[
The inflorescence, either in flower or in seed, is reduced to ash and, like the vegetative parts, is used for its curative properties, in this instance being mixed with castor-oil and applied to whitlows. Maturation is rapid[
An infusion of the plant is taken as a treatment for stomach-pains[
The wild plant is useful in helping to fix coastal sand dunes[
The straw is woven into mats for covering food, and also into a coarse cordage[
The longer culms may be bundled for sale as brooms or used as thatch[
Seed - sow in situ, only just covering the seed. Germination is usually very quick and free.
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