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Useful Tropical Plants

Eragrostis cilianensis

(All.) Janch.

Poaceae


This species intergrades with Eragrostis minor, that species being distinguished by the narrower oblong (rather than ovate) spikelets, shorter lemmas, more open panicle and broadly oblong grain; but no single character can be relied upon to separate the two species[
610
Title
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Publication
 
Author
Beentje H.J.
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=396814
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
Available on-line, a modern flora of East Africa.
].

+ Synonyms

Briza eragrostis L.

Briza megastachya Steud.

Briza oblonga Moench

Briza purpurascens Muhl.

Calotheca purpurascens (Muhl.) Spreng.

Eragrostis argentina Jedwabn.

Eragrostis articulata De Wild.

Eragrostis costata B.L.Turner

Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) MacMill.

Eragrostis flexuosa Steud.

Eragrostis leersioides (C.Presl) Steud.

Eragrostis major Host

Eragrostis major subbiloba (Chiov.) Chiov.

Eragrostis megastachya (Koeler) Link

Eragrostis megastachya compacta (Regel) Krylov

Eragrostis minor major Beck

Eragrostis minor megastycha (Koeler) Burtt Davy

Eragrostis monodii A.Camus

Eragrostis multiflora cilianensis (All.) Maire

Eragrostis multiflora glandulifera Chiov.

Eragrostis multiflora insularis Chiov.

Eragrostis multiflora subbiloba Chiov.

Eragrostis multiflora violacea N.Terrac. ex Chiov.

Eragrostis multiglandulosa H.Scholz

Eragrostis oblonga (Moench) Baumg.

Eragrostis pappiana insularis (Chiov.) Mattei

Eragrostis pappii Gand.

Eragrostis polyadenia Mattei

Eragrostis polymorpha Roem. & Schult.

Eragrostis polysperma Peter

Eragrostis pooides compacta Regel

Eragrostis pooides megastachya (Koeler) A.Gray

Eragrostis schweinfurthiana Jedwabn.

Eragrostis starosselskyi Grossh.

Eragrostis thyrsiflora Willk. & Lange

Eragrostis triticea (C.Presl) Steud.

Eragrostis virletii E.Fourn.

Eragrostis vulgaris major (Beck) Rouy

Eragrostis vulgaris megastachya (Koeler) Coss. & Germ.

Eragrostis vulgaris megastachya (Koeler) Douin

Erosion cilianense (All.) Lunell.

Megastachya eragrostis (L.) Roem. & Schult.

Megastachya leersioides C.Presl

Megastachya oblonga (Moench) P.Beauv.

Megastachya obtusa Schult.

Megastachya purpurascens (Muhl.) Schult.

Megastachya triticea C.Presl

Poa cachectica Schumach.

Poa cilianensis All.

Poa eragrostis (L.) Brot.

Poa flava Willd. ex Steud.

Poa flexuosa Roxb.

Poa leersioides (C.Presl) Guss.

Poa megastachya Koeler

Poa nuttallii Spreng.

Poa oblonga (Moench) Baumg.

Poa obtusa Nutt.

Poa pennsylvanica Nutt.

Poa philadelphica W.P.C.Barton

Poa polymorpha J.Koenig ex Rottler

Poa roxburghiana Schult.

Poa tortuosa Spreng.

Poa triticea (C.Presl) Kunth

Common Name:

Eragrostis cilianensis
Flowering plant, taken as a specimen
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Eragrostis cilianensis Eragrostis cilianensis Eragrostis cilianensis

General Information

Eragrostis cilianensis is a loosely clump-forming annual grass with erect or ascending, branched or unbrabched culms; it can grow from 15 - 90cm tall[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. It is sometimes used in soil reclamation schemes.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.

Range

Southern Europe, through much of Africa, eastern Mediterranean, central and east Asia to Indonesia, the Philippines and New Guinea.

Habitat

Deciduous woodlands; riverine and pan-margin thickets; wooded grassland; granite sandveld; on Kalahari Sand, doleritic, black alluvial turf and clay soils; also in disturbed ground and a weed of cultivation to 1,710m[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.45 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A common weed of cultivation[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. In some parts of the USA, where it has become naturalised, it is considered a pest, whilst in Sudan it is a weed of irrigated land[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Edible Uses

Seed - eaten as a cereal[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. It can be made into cakes or eaten as a gruel[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The seed is small and fiddly to utilize - it is most commonly seen as a famine food, used when nothing better is available[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The grass is edible, and is taken as a normal part of the diet by people in the Lake Chad area[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Does this refer to the leaves or the seed?[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

A root-decoction is taken as a treatment against flu in the event of an epidemic[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant's vigorous habit makes it useful as a pioneer coloniser, - it is used in Tanzania, along with some other grasses, in reclaiming eroded land[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

The culm yields straw that is used for thatching, though its quality is inferior[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
It is made into palliasses in Kordofan, and plaited into circular covers for pots holding milk or millet mash in the process of fermentation[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
People in N Nigeria make the straw into matting[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ, only just covering the seed. Germination is usually very quick and free.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Eragrostis+cilianensis>

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