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Useful Tropical Plants

Endospermum macrophyllum

(Müll.Arg.) Pax & K.Hoffm.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Macaranga macrophylla Müll.Arg.

Mappa macrophylla A.Gray ex Seem.

Tanarius macrophyllus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Endospermum macrophyllum is a tree with a crown that is usually compact and small; it can grow from 12 - 35 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 15 metres and up to 150cm in diameter[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood, which is usd locally and considered a valuable timber in Fiji[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Pacific - Fiji.

Habitat

Often locally abundant in dense forest, sometimes in thickets near mangrove swamps; at elevations from sea level to 900 metres[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]..

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height25.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The tree flowers and produces fruits in most months of the year in Fiji[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The tree exudes a copious and nearly colourless latex[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The whitish wood is soft. It is considered valuable for building purposes, but is more commonly used for making banana crates[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
We do not have any more information on the wood for this species. However, a general description of the wood for the southeast Asian and Pacific members of this genus is as follows:-
The heartwood is light brown, straw, or pale cream in colour; it is not differentiated from the sapwood. The texture is rather coarse; the grain straight to shallowly interlocked; somewhat lustrous; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The wood is not durable, and is particularly prone to stain and powder-post beetle attack. It dries rapidly with only slight warping and checking, though if tension wood is not discarded the warp is severe. The wood machines easily in both the green and dry condition, though surfaces may be slightly woolly when sawn; it can be peeled for veneer without prior heating. The wood is used for purposes such as joinery, matches, pattermnaking, boxes and crates, furniture components, plywood, light construction, carvings, wooden shoes[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Endospermum+macrophyllum>

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