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Useful Tropical Plants

Dracontomelon costatum

Blume

Anacardiaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Dracontomelon costatum
Draeing of the leaves, flowers and fruit (Figs a - d only)
Photograph by: Flora Malesiana, vol. 8(3): p. 469, fig. 30 (1978) [J.H. van Os]
Creative Commons License

General Information

Dracontomelon costatum is a tree that can grow up to 44 metres tall. The bole can be up to 115cm in diameter, occasionally with buttresses that can be up to 5 metres high and 2 metres wide[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, and probably also for its wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

An upper canopy tree of undisturbed forests, rarely in swamps, mostly along rivers, hillsides and ridges, most commonly on sandy soils, but also found on limestone; at elevations up to 700 metres[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height35.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Fruit. The reddish-purple, fleshy drupe is around 24mm long[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

We do not have any specific information on the wood of this species. However, the following is a general description of the wood from plants in this genus:-
The heartwood varies from light brown, grayish, greenish-yellow to reddish-brown, often with irregular dark brown to nearly black banding; the wide band of sapwood is pinkish, or grayish. The texture is moderately fine to coarse; the grain straight to interlocked and irregular, with a decorative figure if quarter cut; the wood is lustrous; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The heartwood is not durable and is not resistant to termite attack. The wood is easy to work; glues satisfactorily; takes a good finish and polish; veneers well. It is used for purposes such as furniture and cabinetwork, paneling, decorative veneers (walnut-like in appearance), gunstocks, flooring, joinery[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-07-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dracontomelon+costatum>

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