This species is often reported as occurring in Africa. However, the African Plant Database[
] says that this is a misidentification for three species occurring there - these are Crinum kirkii Baker; Crinum ornatum (L. f. ex Aiton) Bury; and Crinum politifolium R. Wahlstr.[
Amaryllis zeylanica L.
Crinum latifolium zeylanicum (L.) Hook.f.
Crinum ornatum zeylanicum (L.) Herb.
Taenais zeylanica (L.) Salisb.
Crinum zeylanicum is a perennial plant growing up to 120 cm tall from a bulb that can be 6 - 20cm in diameter. Around 9 - 12 elliptical, mostly prostrate leaves are produced, these can be 20 - 70cm long and 3 - 7cm wide[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental, valued especially for its fragrant flowers.
E. Asia - Seychelles, southwest India, Sri Lanka.
Slightly moist sites in savannah, and along sandy sea-coasts[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in full sun or partial shade, requiring a well-drained soil[
Bulbs are sensitive to transplanting and can take several years to become established. After this, they will usually reproduce rapidly from offsets to produce the overcrowded conditions that stimulate them to flower freely[
The bulb is very acrid and, when taken internally, causes severe diarrhoea[
Applied externally, the bulb is rubefacient, causing inflammation of the skin and the mucous membranes. It is applied topically to rheumatic joints as a way of relieving the condition[
The leaves are applied topically to injuries and ulcers[310. The leaf juice is used for relieving earache[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, placing 2 - 3 seeds in individual pots. Do not cover the seed. Once they have germinated, you can thin each pot to just one plant if required, though we have not found this to be necessary. Give an occasional liquid feed to ensure that the plants do not suffer nutritional deficiencies. Grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Division of offsets when the plant is dormant.
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