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Useful Tropical Plants

Crinum latifolium

L.

Amaryllidaceae

+ Synonyms

Amaryllis insignis Ker Gawl.

Amaryllis littoralis Salisb.

Amaryllis moluccana Ker Gawl.

Crinum cochinchinense M.Roem.

Crinum esquirolii H.Lév.

Crinum insigne (Ker Gawl.) Sweet

Crinum jemenicum Dammann

Crinum jemense Dammann

Crinum longistylum Herb. ex Steud.

Crinum moluccanum Roxb. ex Ker Gawl.

Crinum ornatum acutior Herb.

Crinum ornatum careyanum (Herb.) Herb.

Crinum ornatum insigne (Ker Gawl.) Herb.

Crinum ornatum latifolium (L.) Herb.

Crinum ornatum longistylum Herb.

Crinum ornatum moluccanum (Roxb. ex Ker Gawl.) Herb.

Crinum ornatum speciosum Herb.

Crinum speciosum Herb.

Common Name:

Crinum latifolium
Flowering plant
Photograph by: Dinesh Valke
Creative Commons License
Crinum latifolium Crinum latifolium

General Information

Crinum latifolium is a perennial plant growing up to 150cm tall. Growing from a bulb 8 - 15 cm in diameter, it produces 12 - 20 oblong-linear leaves 60 - 120cm long and 4 - 7cm wide[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is grown as an ornamental, valued especially for its sweetly fragrant flowers[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam

Habitat

Dry river beds and sandy soils[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitBulb
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in full sun or partial shade, requiring a well-drained soil[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].
The plant sometimes escapes from cultivation[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Bulbs are sensitive to transplanting and can take several years to become established. After this, they will usually reproduce rapidly from offsets to produce the overcrowded conditions that stimulate them to flower freely[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The flowers open at night and last for just one day.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bulbs are extremely acrid and only used externally. In India, when roasted, they are used as a rubefacient in the treatment of rheumatism, or are crushed on piles and abscesses to cause suppuration[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].

The juice of the leaves is used in the treatment of earache[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, placing 2 - 3 seeds in individual pots. Do not cover the seed. Once they have germinated, you can thin each pot to just one plant if required, though we have not found this to be necessary. Give an occasional liquid feed to ensure that the plants do not suffer nutritional deficiencies. Grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Division of offsets when the plant is dormant.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-11-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Crinum+latifolium>

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