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Useful Tropical Plants

Cinnamomum cambodianum

Lecomte

Lauraceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Cinnamomum cambodianum is an evergreen tree with a large, dense crown, growing 15 - 25 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 80cm in diameter[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
,
614
Title
Cambodiam Tree Species - Monographs.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.treeseedfa.org/
Publisher
Cambodia Tree Seed Project
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on 21 species of Cambodian trees. It is available as a PDF file, available as a download from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a condiment, medicine and source of wood. The wood is highly valued in Cambodia, where the tree is extensively harvested from the wild[
614
Title
Cambodiam Tree Species - Monographs.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.treeseedfa.org/
Publisher
Cambodia Tree Seed Project
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on 21 species of Cambodian trees. It is available as a PDF file, available as a download from the Internet.
].
The tree has not been assessed for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. However, it has a very valuable timber and has come under high pressure from over-exploitation. It is in danger of extinction unless measures are taken to provide adequate protection from illegal logging. The number of mature trees has been reduced significantly and it is now difficult to find significant sources of germplasm[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Cambodia, Vietnam.

Habitat

Wet, dense forests, in both primary and secondary formations, along the banks of rivers and streams, in valleys and at the foot of mountains; at elevations from 600 - 1,500 metres[
614
Title
Cambodiam Tree Species - Monographs.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.treeseedfa.org/
Publisher
Cambodia Tree Seed Project
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on 21 species of Cambodian trees. It is available as a PDF file, available as a download from the Internet.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


A shade-demanding tree when young, though it grows well in full sun when older. It prefers a deep, fertile, moist soil, though it can also succeed in well drained, leached hillside soils of low fertility[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
,
614
Title
Cambodiam Tree Species - Monographs.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.treeseedfa.org/
Publisher
Cambodia Tree Seed Project
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on 21 species of Cambodian trees. It is available as a PDF file, available as a download from the Internet.
]. Succeeds in soils with a pH as low as 4[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
]. Plants can tolerate short periods when the soil is inundated, though they are also tolerant of short periods of drought[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].
All parts of the stem are aromatic[
614
Title
Cambodiam Tree Species - Monographs.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.treeseedfa.org/
Publisher
Cambodia Tree Seed Project
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on 21 species of Cambodian trees. It is available as a PDF file, available as a download from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

The bark is used in the kitchen as a food[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
]. This probably means as a cinnamum-like condiment[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

The bark is also mixed with betel and used as a masticatory[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].

Medicinal

An essential oil obtained from the plant is used in traditional medicine. It has a warming stimulant action and is carminative, anti-spasmodic and antiseptic. It has been used in the treatment of indigestion, tuberculosis and for the
regulation of menstrual pains[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].

The stem bark is often used as a cardiac tonic, carminative and to relieves fatigue[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].

Steam inhalation of the leaves is used to treat nasal cataracts[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].

The plant contains up to 4% essentail oils (comprising cinnamaldehyde 65-75% & eugenol 4-10%), tannins, coumarins, and mucilage[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].
Patients treated with other anti coagulants should be monitored carefully whilst taking this herb, due to its content of coumarin[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].

Other Uses

An essential oil is obtained from the stems[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
].

The heartwood is reddish-gray; it is not always distinctly demarcated from the pale gray sapwood. The wood is light to medium weight. A very valuable timber, it is used in house construction, boards, column posts, agricultural implements etc[
404
Title
Digital Compendium of Forestry Species of Cambodia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com
Publisher
www.digitalspecies.blogspot.com; Phnom Penh
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A very detailed booklet, produced in PDF format on the internet, giving information on around 100 species of trees.
,
614
Title
Cambodiam Tree Species - Monographs.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.treeseedfa.org/
Publisher
Cambodia Tree Seed Project
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on 21 species of Cambodian trees. It is available as a PDF file, available as a download from the Internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
614
Title
Cambodiam Tree Species - Monographs.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.treeseedfa.org/
Publisher
Cambodia Tree Seed Project
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on 21 species of Cambodian trees. It is available as a PDF file, available as a download from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - the seed of species in this genus generally has a short viability and is best sown as soon in containers as it is ripe[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Remove the fruit pulp since this can inhibit germination[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Soaking the seeds for 24 hours in lukewarm water hastens germination[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
], which can take 1 - 6 months at 20°c[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. The germination rate of fresh seed is about 50%, falling to 25% for seed 6 months old, and zero for those 1 year old[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in containers[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of semi-ripe side shoots, 7cm with a heel, in a frame with bottom heat[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-11. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cinnamomum+cambodianum>

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