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Useful Tropical Plants

Chrysophyllum argenteum

Jacq.

Sapotaceae

+ Synonyms

Chrysophyllum auratum Miq.

Chrysophyllum dubium Steud.

Chrysophyllum ferrugineum (Ruiz & Pav.) Steud.

Chrysophyllum glabrum Jacq.

Chrysophyllum guyanense Klotzsch ex Miq.

Chrysophyllum hostmannianum Klotzsch ex Miq.

Chrysophyllum immersum Urb.

Chrysophyllum macrophyllum C.F.Gaertn.

Chrysophyllum microcarpum Sw.

Chrysophyllum nitidissimum Klotzsch ex Miq.

Chrysophyllum nitidum G.F.W.Mey.

Chrysophyllum panamense Pittier.

Chrysophyllum pavonii Cronquist

Chrysophyllum psilophyllum A.DC.

Chrysophyllum richardii Klotzsch ex Miq.

Chrysophyllum sericeum A.DC.

Cynodendron argenteum (Jacq.) Baehni

Cynodendron auratum (Miq.) Baehni

Cynodendron ferrugineum (Ruiz & Pav.) Bernardi

Cynodendron nitidum (G.F.W.Mey.) Aubrév.

Cynodendron panamense (Pittier) Aubrév.

Dactimala microcarpa (Sw.) Raf.

Guersentia microcarpa (Sw.) Raf.

Nycterisition ferrugineum Ruiz & Pav.

Sideroxylon guadalupense Spreng.

Common Name: Caimito de Mono

Chrysophyllum argenteum
Cultivated tree at the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Miami, Florida, USA
Photograph by: David Stang
Creative Commons License
Chrysophyllum argenteum Chrysophyllum argenteum Chrysophyllum argenteum Chrysophyllum argenteum Chrysophyllum argenteum

General Information

Caimito de mono is an evergreen tree with a low, spreading crown; it can grow 10 - 25 metres tall[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. The short bole can be 10 - 20cm in diameter[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, wood and medicinal uses. It is occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Paraguay, Brazil , Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela,the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Honduras; Caribbean - Cuba to Trinidad

Habitat

Moist limestone and lower mountain forests in Puerto Rico[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details



Plants can flower and fruit all year round[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. A very sweet flavour[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
,
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
]. The oval to rounded, dark blue berries are 10 - 20mm long and contain a single large seed[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Medicinal

The heated bark is used as a medication on sores[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

The wood with light brown sapwood is reported to be hard, heavy, strong, tough, and durable. It is used chiefly for making posts and is utilized in construction and carpentry[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The wood is used for making charcoal[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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