Achras sericea Schumach.
Chrysophyllum kayei S.Moore
Chrysophyllum millenianum Engl.
Gambeya albida (G.Don) Aubrév. & Pellegr.
Gambeya mammosa (Gaertn.) Pierre
Planchonella albida (G.Don) Baehni
Sapota mammosa Gaertn.
Sapota sericea (Schumach.) A.DC.
Common Name: White Star Apple
White star apple is an evergreen tree with a usually low-branched crown; it can grow up to 40 metres tall[
]. The bole is buttressed at the base, extending into fluting, and can be up to 2 metres in diameter[
]. Although the branches usually start from low down on the bole, occasional specimens have cleat boles for up to 20 metres[
The edible fruit is commonly gathered from the wild by local peoples, who also grow it as a village fruit tree[
]. It is often sold in local markets[
Western tropical Africa from Sierra Leone, extending eastwards to central tropical Africa.
A canopy tree in dense lowland rainforests, sometimes in gallery forest[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the humid tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
]. It grows best in areas where the mean annual temperature ranges from 18 - 28°c, but can tolerate a range of 12 - 34°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,300 - 2,000mm, but tolerates 1,100 - 2,800mm, and grows in both regions with a distinct dry season and regions with all year round rainfall[
Young plants grow best in the dappled shade of the forest[
]. Prefers a deep, rich loam[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6.5, tolerating 5 - 7[
Fruit - raw. A pleasant, sweet-acid flavour[
]. The almost spherical fruit is slightly pointed at the tip and about 32mm in diameter[
]., The fruits are the potential source of a soft drink, and can be fermented and distilled for the production of wine and spirits[
The bark is used in traditional medicine[
The juice of the leaves is used instead of lime juice for coagulating flake rubber[
The brownish-white wood is soft, coarse and open in grain; very perishable in contact with the ground; easy to saw and plane; nails well; takes a fine polish[
]. It is suitable for construction work, tool handles and similar purposes[
Seed - takes up to six weeks to germinate[
]. Lightly cracking the seed prior to sowing can reduce the germination time[
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