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Useful Tropical Plants

Chondrodendron platiphyllum

(A.St.-Hil.) Miers

Menispermaceae

+ Synonyms

Cocculus platiphyllus A.St.-Hil.

Common Name:

Chondrodendron platiphyllum
Close-up of the fruits
Photograph by: Alex Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Chondrodendron platiphyllum Chondrodendron platiphyllum Chondrodendron platiphyllum Chondrodendron platiphyllum

General Information

Chondrodendron platiphyllum is a climbing shrub.
Although potentially toxic, the root is a popular herbal medicine in Brazil, where it is widely used to treat a range of complaints. The plant also provides an edible fruit and ornamental wood.

Known Hazards

The plant is toxic, containing the alkaloid pelosin. Especially when taken in higher doses, it acts principally against the smooth muscles of the veins - causing a progressive weakness of the heart and, soon after, death[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil.

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A very variable species[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. Somewhat similar to grapes[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Medicinal

Although used widely in Brazil, this is a toxic herb that needs to be used with caution[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].
The yellowish or brownish root is said to be effective against numerous ailments including anaemia, chlorose, atonic dyspepsia, renal stones, intermittent fevers, uterine colic, menstrual difficulties, oedema etc; with a special action upon the fibrous muscles, tonic, facilitating a good digestion, removing catarrh from the body, but causing abortion if the dose is excessive[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Both the root and the seeds contain an alkaloid called pelosina, a strong toxin that can paralyze the vascular system and cause death[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Other Uses

The seed contains about 5% of a fatty oil[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

The wood is a dark yellow with distinct veins[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. A beautiful wood, though rarely exceeding 20cm in diameter, it is used for inlay work and cabinet making[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Chondrodendron+platiphyllum>

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