Some works treat this species as Canarium tramdenum C. D. Dai & Yakovlev. However, the earlier name of Canarium pimela has been proposed for conservaion[
], and is the name we are using here.
Canarium nigrum (Lour.) Engl.
Canarium pimeloides Govaerts
Canarium tramdenum C.D.Dai & Yakovlev
Lipara nigra Lour. ex Gomes Mach.
Pimela nigra Lour.
Canarium pimela is a fast-growing tree reaching a height of up to 30 metres. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 90cm in diameter[
The edible fruits are highly esteemed by the Chinese[
]. The tree also yields an oil, resin and timber. The tree is commonly harvested from the wild and is also cultivated in tropical Asia, both as a fruit tree and as an ornamental[
E. Asia - southern China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos.
Primary and secondary forests at elevations below 500 metres. Usually associated with Aglaia gigantea, Eberhardtia tonkinensis, Erythrophloeum fordii, Garcinia spp., Gironniera subaequalis, and Pygeum arboreum[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Requires a sunny position[
]. Prefers a deep humid soil[
]. Plants are usually found in the wild growing on well-drained quite steep slopes[
Natural regeneration is good under a forest cover of 30 - 40%[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
Fruits are edible[
]. The pulp is eaten, either candied or pickled[
]. The fruit is usually eaten cooked[
]. The narrowly ovoid fruits can be 3 - 4cm long and up to 2cm wide[
The seeds contain an edible oil[
The fruits and leaves are used as a treatment against diarrhoea and rheumatism[
The fruit is antidote[
]. It is used as an antidote to intoxication by alcohol or from eating poisonous fish[
]. It is also used in the treatment of sore throat[
The powdered seed is said to dissolve fish bones that have been swallowed accidentally, and also to cure earache[
A resin is obtained from the tree. It has no great value[
The wood is used for sawing board, house building, and furniture[
Seed - we have no specific information for this species but seeds of this genus generally have a hard seed coat and germinate erratically. Filing away some of the seed coat to allow moisture to enter more readily, without damaging the seed, will encourage a faster and more even germination[
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