Canarium grandiflorum A.W.Benn.
Canarium hirtellum A.W.Benn.
Canarium motleyanum Engl.
Dacryodes scandens Husson
Canarium pilosum is a tree; it usually grows 10 - 28 metres tall, occasionally up to 37 metres. The bole, which sometimes has buttresses, can be 20 - 45cm in diameter, occasionally to 65cm[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible seed and timber, which are used locally..
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.
Lowland and hill forest, at elevations up to 600 metres[
]. Rather common in primary forests, also found
in swamps, usually at elevations up to 350 metres, sometimes ascending to 1,250 metres[
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A plant of the lowland moist tropics.
Often found on well-drained, sandy soils in the wild, but also grows in much moister, somewhat swampy soils.
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
Seed - raw or cooked. A sweet flavour[
The resin is used to close wounds[
The wood is durable against insects and is used for building houses[
This species is one of the sources of kedondong timber, which is obtained from several species in the family Burseraceae[
]. We do not have a specific description of the wood for this species, but the general description of kedondong wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is generally a light brown; it is not sharply demarcated from the 3 - 5cm wide band of lighter-coloured sapwood. The texture is moderately fine and even; the grain is interlocked to wavy; the surface is lustrous. The wood is light in weight; moderately hard; not very durable, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons somewhat slowly with only a slight risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. The wood has a fairly high blunting effect, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; it is moderately easy to slightly difficult to plane; finishes smooth to rough; can be easy to very difficult to bore; slightly difficult to difficult to turn; nailing and screwing properties are good; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for internal use as a general utility timber for planking, cladding, plywood, flooring, furniture, packing cases, pallets and general carpentry work[
Seed - we have no specific information for this species but seeds of this genus generally have a hard seed coat and germinate erratically. Filing away some of the seed coat to allow moisture to enter more readily, without damaging the seed, will encourage a faster and more even germination[
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