The subspecies Balanophora fungosa indica (Arn.) B.Hansen is recognised by some authorities, such as the flora of China[
], as a distinct species, B. indica (Arn.) Griff. If this treatment is followed, then B. Indica globosa (Jungh.) BÃ¢n would be the correct name for the species mentioned in [
] as having tubers containing wax[
Balaniella globosa (Jungh.) Tiegh.
Balaniella junghuehnii Tiegh.
Balaniella ramosa (Fawc.) Tiegh.
Balanophora decurrens Fawc.
Balanophora gigantea Wall.
Balanophora globosa Jungh.
Balanophora micholitzii Ridl.
Balanophora ramosa Fawc.
Langsdorffia indica Arn.
Balanophora fungosa is a fleshy, leafless herb that is total parasitic on the roots or rhizomes of various host species[
]. A perennial plant growing from a tuberous rootstock, it grows up to 15cm tall[
The roots of at least one form of this plant are harvested locally for their wax, which is used for lighting purposes.
E. Asia - southern China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar and through southeast Asia to New Guinea and the Pacific.
Evergreen rainforests at elevations up to 2,600 metres[
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The tubers contains a sticky wax (balanophorin)[
]. The wax is often present in great quantity[
]. It is used for illumination and candles[
]. The cylindrical tubers are about 30 - 80mm long by 12 - 14mm wide[
The above record is for the sub-species B. fungosa indica var globosa (Jungh.) B.Hansen[
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