Balaniella elongata (Blume) Tiegh.
Balaniella forbesii (Fawc.) Tiegh.
Balaniella maxima (Jungh.) Tiegh.
Balaniella multibrachiata (Fawc.) Tiegh.
Balanophora forbesii Fawc.
Balanophora maxima Jungh.
Balanophora multibrachiata Fawc.
Balanophora ungeriana Valeton
Balanophora elongata is a fleshy, leafless herb that is total parasitic on the roots or rhizomes of various host species[
]. A perennial plant growing from a tuberous rootstock, it grows up to 15cm tall[
The roots are harvested locally for their wax, which is used for lighting purposes.
E. Asia - Indonesia.
Broad-leaved evergreen forests at elevations of 900 - 3,000 metres[
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The subspecies B. Elongata ungeriana has tubers that only contain a little wax[
The plant is parasitic on a variety of hosts. Those recorded are; Strobilanthes spp.; Maciopanax dispermiis; Schefflera aromafica; Rhododendron retiisum; Vaccinium laurifolium; V. Lucidum; Albizia lophantha; Ficus lepicarpa; F. Septica; F. Villosa; Girardinia heterophylla[
The plant flowers all year round[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.
The tubers contains a sticky wax (balanophorin)[
]. The wax is often present in great quantity[
]. It is used for illumination and candles[
]. The cylindrical tubers are about 30 - 80mm long by 12 - 14mm wide[
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