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Useful Tropical Plants

Araucaria hunsteinii

K.Schum.

Araucariaceae

+ Synonyms

Araucaria klinkii Lauterb.

Araucaria schumanniana Warb.

Titanodendron hunsteinii (K.Schum.) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan

Titanodendron klinkii (Lauterb.) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan

Titanodendron schumanniana (Warb.) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan

Common Name:

Araucaria hunsteinii
Mature tree in native habitat
Photograph by: Phil Markey
Creative Commons License
Araucaria hunsteinii Araucaria hunsteinii Araucaria hunsteinii

General Information

Araucaria hunsteinii is an evergreen tree with a pyramidal crown that becomes open and flat-topped with age; it can grow up to 90 metres tall in high rainfall forest, though it is more likely to be arounf 30 - 50 metres tall in lower rainfall forest[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The straight, cylindrical bole can be free of branches for 35 - 60 metres and up to 200cm in diameter[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The wood was widely exploited in the past, severely reducing the population of this species. Plantations were established from 1948 onwards following the exploitation of the majority of the accessible stands and these are the main source of the wood at present. CITES regulations forbid the export of the wood, and so it is widely used in local sawmills, where it forms the basis of a major plywood industry[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
While there has been significant historic exploitation for its timber and recent losses due to fires, the extent of this decline is uncertain although it is likely to be at least 30%. In most parts of its range, it has been reduced to scattered stands following heavy exploitation for its good-quality timber. It is also locally threatened by shifting agriculture and damage caused by feral pigs. Fire associated with shifting agriculture and periodic El Nino induced droughts is a particular threat: large stands in McAdam National Park were burnt in September 1997. The extent of its decline is uncertain as is the degree of regeneration in areas selectively logged. The plant is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

Range

Australasia - New Guinea

Habitat

Scattered stands mainly in Fagaceae forest, usually as an emergent, in both low rainfall and high rainfall forest; at elevations from 520 - 2,100 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusNear Threatened
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height50.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Araucaria hunsteinii only occurs within a narrow band of 5 degrees of latitude, from the Jimmi River in the north of Papua New Guinea to Weigane River in the south, found at elevations from 520 - 2,100 metres, though mainly between 750 - 1,700 metres. Mean annual precipitation ranges from 800 - 4,000mm or more per annum[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Plants can occasionally experience light frosts[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].
Grows wild in soils that are neutral to acidic with a high clay content[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Some specimens of this species have reached heights of 90 metres, and are reported to be the tallest trees in Malaysia[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Edible Uses

No mention of edibility has been seen for this species, though many, if not all, of the species in this genus are likely to have edible seeds[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The triangular seeds are up to 25mm long, contained in a cone 15 - 20cm long and 12cm wide[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

Much colourless resin is produced from the trunk[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

An attractive wood, yellowish-brown in colour with purplish streaks in the heartwood. A fine quality wood, it is firm, light in weight and easily worked. It is much used in the local saw-milling and plywood industries, and has been used for making aircraft frames[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 2 months at 15°c[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. The plants have a rather sparse root system and are best placed in their final positions as soon as possible.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-03-31. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Araucaria+hunsteinii>

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