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Useful Tropical Plants

Zamia lindenii

Regel ex André

Zamiaceae


This species may be no more than a synonym for Zamia poeppigiana Mart. & Eichl.[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
].

+ Synonyms

Aulacophyllum lindenii (Regel ex André) Regel

Common Name:

Zamia lindenii
Plant growing in the Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg, Munich, Germany
Photograph by: Daderot
Public domain
Zamia lindenii Zamia lindenii Zamia lindenii Zamia lindenii

General Information

Zamia lindenii is a slow-growing, evergreen palm-like shrub with an erect, cylindrical stem usually around 80 - 160cm tall, but sometimesup to 400cm, and 18 - 25cm in diameter. Sometimes forming branches as a result of injury, each stem is topped by a crown of 10 - 20 or more, large, arching leaves 150 - 318cm long[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
,
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is gathered from the wild for local use as a food and to make an adhesive. It is also sometimes grown as an ornamental[
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Zamia lindenii is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

The fleshy seeds contain a toxic glycoside that causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested[
293
Title
Poisonous Plants of North Carolina
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/poison.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent concise but comprehensive guide to toxic plants that grow in N. Carolina. It lists even those plants that are of very low toxicity, including several well-known food plants such as carrots and potatoes.
].
The juice from the plant is very poisonous[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
The starch obtained from the stem is poisonous unless thoroughly cooked[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Botanical References

1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.

Range

Western S. America - Colombia, Ecuador.

Habitat

Forest edges[
434
Title
Flora of Peru
Publication
 
Author
Macbride. J.F.
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent attempt at a Flora of Peru, though it is clear that many of the plants were imperfectly known at that time and so information on them was sketchy. Available for download from the Internet.
]. An understorey plant in rainforests, sometimes growing in a thick humus layer overlying brown clay soil; at elevations up to 1,100 metres[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
,
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Conservation StatusNear Threatened
Edibility Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height4.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Zamia lindenii is a native of moist tropical regions in northern S. America, where it is found at elevations up to 1,100 metres. Rainfall is seasonal, averaging around 1,400 - 3,500mm a year, falling mainly from May to November[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
]
An almost universal requirement for cycads is a well-drained but moisture-retentive soil, and by far the best soils are sandy gravels and light loams which provide the required drainage and aeration necessary for good growth. Cycads will generally not grow well in clay soils unless those soils are heavily amended with sand and organic matter[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
]. A neutral soil (pH 7), is generally best for most species of cycads and allows the proper absorption of nutrients. A slightly acid soil is better for most cycads than a basic one[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
].
Plants can commence coning when young and the trunk is only 25 - 30cm tall, female plants sometimes producing up to 5 cones and up to 410 seeds[
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. Female cones take 13 months to mature, the plant usually not coning every year[
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Cycad species can usually be transplanted easily even when quite large. The best time for moving them is just before the beginning of a new growing season, the roots being trimmed if they are damaged and perhaps some leaves being removed. New roots should develop quickly as the season progresses[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
].
Species in this genus form structures known as coralloid roots. These roots branch off from the taproot or secondary roots and are distinctive in that they grow laterally or upward, forming a nodular mass at the apex. These coralloid roots occur slightly below or slightly above the soil surface and generally contain cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae. These are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen and make it available as a nutrient to the plant. The ability to extract this important nutrient from the air explains how many cycad species are able to survive on almost sterile soils[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
].
A dioecious species, with individual plants producing either all male or all female cones. Therefore both male and female forms of the plant need to be grown if seed is required[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
]. On very rare occasions, usually when a plant has been under severe stress, it can change sex and produce either all female or all male cones[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
].
When shedding pollen, the male cones produce a foetid smell reminiscent of humus[
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

All parts of this plant are potentially toxic and should not be eaten unless effective measures are taken to remove the toxins.

Seed[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. Ground into a starch-rich flour[
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].The three-sided seed is 23 - 30mm long and 13 - 16mm in diameter[
1935
Title
The Cycads
Publication
 
Author
Whitelock L.M.
Publisher
Timber Press; Portland, Oregon
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-522-5
Description
An excellent book dealing with the eleven different genera and almost 300 species of plants we know as Cycads. There are detailed descriptions and a host of other information for each species.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The thick sap is used as a water-soluble glue[
1939
Title
Taxonomy, Nomenclature, Biogeography, Morphology, Ecology, Ethnobotany, and Conservation Status of Zamia lindenii Re
Publication
The Cycad Newsletter 33(4) December 2010, pp8-11
Author
Lindström A.J.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - remove the fleshy coating and surface sow on damp sand. Germination is best at around 23 - 29°c[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Pot up young seedlings into a rich, moist medium, as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow on at high temperatures without any check to growth until 2 - 3 leaves have been produced at one time, otherwise they may enter dormancy[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-11-27. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Zamia+lindenii>

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