This is a very variable species that has at times been separated into several distinct species. However, the variation in the flowers, leaves and especially the fruit is continuous and there is no real criteria for viewing it as more than one species[
Arytera xerocarpa Adelb.
Euphoria noronhiana Blume
Euphoria xerocarpa Blume
Nephelium noronhianum Cambess.
Nephelium xerocarpum Cambess.
Xerospermum brachyphyllum Radlk.
Xerospermum cylindrocarpum Radlk.
Xerospermum echinulatum Radlk.
Xerospermum fallax Radlk.
Xerospermum glabratum Radlk.
Xerospermum intermedium Radlk.
Xerospermum lanceolatum Radlk.
Xerospermum testudineum Radlk.
Xerospermum wallichii King
Xerospermum xanthophyllum Radlk.
Xerospermum noronhianum is a tree usually growing up to 25 metres tall with occasional specimens to 30 metres[
]. The bole has buttresses and can be 30 - 75cm in diameter[
The tree yields a timber and an edible fruit, which are sometimes used locally though not highly appreciated.
E. Asia - Bangladesh, Assam, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia.
Primary and secondary rainforest; peat and heath forest; bamboo forest; plains as well as slopes and crests; dry places but also river banks, marshes, or periodically flooded areas, in a variety of soils from sea level to 300, exceptionally 1,500 m[
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Found on a variety of different soils in the wild including sand, sandy clay, fertile volcanic loam and peat; with a subsoil of granite, sandstone, or limestone[
]. Tolerant of periodic inundation of the soil[
Plants can flower and fruit all year round[
The thin yellow to orange fleshy part of the fruit can be eaten raw[
]. Sweet and of good flavour[
The fruits and leaves are used to alleviate stomach-ache[
The light brown wood is hard and durable. It is used in construction, making carts, mills, rice pounders etc[
The opinions on the timber quality are rather divergent, ranging from being suitable only for fuel, to being an inferior timber, or to being a good, tough, and durable timber[
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