There is considerable confusion over the correct identity of the species Wissadula rostrata (Schumach.) Hook. f., and it has at times been treated as a subspecies of both Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke and Wissadula amplissima (L.) R. E. Fr. We are following the treatment of P. A. Fryxell in ‘The position of the African Wissadula rostrata in the predominantly Neotropical genus Wissadula’, Bonplandia 19(1): 5-10. 2010, which accepts it as a distinct species and also as the only African species in the genus.
Abutilon polyandrum G.Don
Sida rostrata Schum. & Thonn.
Wissadula amplissima rostrata (Schumach. & Thonn.) R.E.Fr.
Wissadula hernandioides rostrata (Schumach. & Thonn.) R.E.Fr.
Wissadula rostrata is a perennial plant that can be herbaceous or form a woody base. It is an erect plant, branched from the base and growing about 75 - 125cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild as a local source of medicines, fibre etc. It is cultivated as a fibre plant in the Sudan[
Widely distributed through most of tropical Africa
Usually in light shade on rocky and loamy soils and in riverine vegetation in tropical Africa[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
The plant (part not specified) is used as a laxative and to treat stomach problems, liver conditions and parasitic skin infections[
Ethnopharmacological studies report the use of this species (probably the leaves) in folk medicine to treat vomiting, severe diarrhoea, mucosa, skin and bronchus inflammation; inflammatory diseases, fever and allergies[
The leaves and the whole plant are analgesic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant and poultice[
The leaves are applied topically as a poultice in the treatment of spider bites as well as sting by venomous animals[
The roots of the plant are used to treat anaemia, haemorrhages and as a fortifying agent[
Both the leaves and the whole plant have been shown to have effective antiinflammatory and antioxidant activity[
The stems are a source of fibre[
]. Used for making sails[
The twigs are used as chewsticks for cleaning and maintaining healthy teeth[
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