Daphne abbreviata Halda
Daphne tenuiramis (Miq.) Halda
Wikstroemia acuminata Merr
Wikstroemia clementis Merr.
Wikstroemia tenuiramis is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 10 metres tall[
This tree is a minor source of Agar wood, a rare and famous, resin-containing heartwood that is produced mainly from old and diseased trees of several species of the family Thymelaeaceae, especially the genus Aquilaria, and in particular Aquilaria malaccensis[
We have seen no specific reports for this species, but the genus in general, and the fruits and leaves in particular, is known to contain toxic substances. Some species are known to have caused fatalities[
Southeast Asia - Indonesia, Malaysia
Swamp, mixed dipterocarp and lower montane forests; at elevations up to 1,600 metres[
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Wikstroemia species generally grow best in a moist, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade[
A strong, tough fibre obtained from the inner bark can be used for making rope[
]. Highly valued for its strength and durability, it can be used for making cloth, ropes and other binding material[
The resin-containing heartwood of older trees infected with fungus is highly valued for its fragrance and is used for making joss sticks and extracting the essential oil for use in expensive perfumes etc.
This tree is a minor source of Agar wood, a rare and famous, resin-containing heartwood that is produced mainly from old and diseased trees of several species of the family Thymelaeaceae, especially the genus Aquilaria[
]. The wood of this species is harder than that of Aquilaria, and is often said to be scentless before being burnt, but when burned it gives forth a fragrance similar to that of Agar wood[
The fragrance produced by the burning agar wood has been highly valued for thousands of years, and its use as incense for ceremonial purposes in Buddhism, Confucianism and Hinduism is widespread throughout eastern and southern Asia. In Thailand it is put into funeral pyres, while in Japan, the incense is used in tea ceremonies[
Wood only partly saturated with resin but still fragrant, and occasionally also the wood remaining after distillation, is made into sticks called 'joss-sticks' or 'agarbattis' which are burnt as incense[
The incense is also used as an insect repellent[
Agar-wood oil is an essential oil obtained by water and steam distillation of agar wood. It is used in luxury perfumery for application in e.g. Oriental and woody-aldehydic bases, ‘chypres’ and ‘fougères’. It produces interesting odour notes with clove oil, e.g. In carnation bases. The oil is so rare and expensive that it is only produced on request[
Agar-wood oil is a yellow to dark amber, viscous liquid with a characteristic balsamic and woody odour. Its aroma has some resemblance with vetiverol or styrax and has a sweetness similar to that of sandalwood oil. Its odour is long-lasting and exhibits a good tenacity in applications[
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