Vitex bombacifolia Wall. ex C.B.Clarke
Vitex cunninghamii Schauer
Vitex elegans Griff.
Vitex helogiton K.Schum.
Vitex minahassae Koord.
Vitex nitida Merr.
Vitex pallida Wall. ex C.B.Clarke
Vitex pentaphylla Merr.
Vitex glabrata is a medium-sized deciduous tree growing up to 25 metres tall. The bole can be up to 125 cm in diameter and branchless for up to 15 metres[
The tree is harvested from the wild as a local source of food, medicines and a good quality timber.
E. Asia - India, Bangladesh, Assam, through tropical Asia to Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Marianas Islands.
Mixed evergreen forest, often along forest edges, sometimes also in deciduous forest or grassland, at elevations up to 1,000 metres[
].. In Myanmar it is often associated with teak (Tectona grandis)[
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Prefers a well-drained soil[
]. The ovoid or obovoid purplish-black fruit is 12 - 25mm long[
The fruit and bark are used as a component of masticatories[
The root and bark are astringent[
The bark is used as an anthelmintic and as a remedy for gastro-intestinal disorders[
The plant has been recommended for growing in tea plantations to provide shade and wood[
The grey wood has a satiny lustre, it is moderately hard, close-grained and durable[
]. Of good quality, it is used for house construction, furniture, cart-wheels and oars[
The heartwood is light straw to light brown in colour; it is not clearly demarcated from the lighter coloured sapwood. The texture is moderately fine and even, the grain is straight or interlocked. The wood is moderately hard to hard, and moderately heavy to heavy. Most specimens are small trees and their wood of rather limited dimensions, this limits their use to mainly items such as tool handles, posts, turnery, carving, and fancy articles[
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