Virola gardneri is an evergreen tree with a small crown; it can grow from 15 - 35 metres tall. The straight bole is 70 - 110cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for its timber, which is of low value and only used locally.
S. America - eastern Brazil.
Moist primary rainforest and coastal broadleaf forests, usually on well-drained soils[
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Succeeds in sunny positions and, especially when young, in the dappled shade of forests[
]. Prefers a well-drained soil, though it can tolerate periods when the soil is inundated[
Newly planted young trees establish well and grow away quickly[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[
The tree has potential for use in mixed reforestation projects within its own range[
The seeds are rich in oil[
]. It is used for making candles and soap[
Cut or damaged trees exude a blood-red, watery latex that is similar to the kino of commerce[
The wood is straight-grained, of medium texture, light in weight, with poor to average mechanical properties and extremely susceptible to wood-eating insects[
]. It is used in construction for boards, anchor plates, core for doors, moulding, trim, light boxes, toys, canoes etc[
We do not have any more information on the wood of this species. However, a general description of the wood from this genus is as follows:-
Upon drying and exposure, the heartwood becomes a pinkish golden-brown or a deep reddish-brown; it is sharply demarcated from the cream to tan coloured sapwood. The texture is rather coarse; the grain straight; lustre is low to medium; there is no distinctive odour or taste. The wood is not resistant to attack by decay fungi and is very susceptible to attack by termites and other insects; logs require prompt conversion or water storage to prevent damage by pinhole borers; bacterial attack resulting in the formation of odoriferous compounds is also reported. It is generally reported to be difficult to season, with a strong tendency to warp and check as well as collapse and honeycomb; thick stock is slow to dry. It works easily with both hand and machine tools and produces a good finish; it glues well; cuts well into veneers. The wood is used for purposes such as veneer and plywood, particle and fiberboard, furniture components, boxes and crates, light construction, general carpentry, millwork[
Seed - it has a limited viability and should be sown as soon as it is ripe. Sow in individual containers in a sunny position. Germination rates are generally poor, the seed sprouting within 20 - 30 days[
]. The seedlings grow away rapidly[
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