Carica boliviana Rusby
Carica citriformis Hook.f.
Carica erythrocarpa Linden & André
Carica monoica Desf.
Papaya erythrocarpa (Linden & André) Kuntze
Papaya monoica (Desf.) Poir.
Vasconcellea hookeri A.DC.
Common Name: Peladera
Ripening fruits on a plant in the Botanical Garden Berlin-Dahlem, Germany.
Photograph by: Steffen Zahn
Peladera is a shrub growing 1 - 4 metres tall.
The fruit is well liked within the plants native range[
]. It is sometimes harvested from the wild, and the tree is also sometimes semi-cultivated or cultivated. The fruit is sold in local markets[
S. America - Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador.
Humid montane belt to the lower montane or sub-Andean belt in areas of humid seasonal forests; sub-humid semi-deciduous lower montane forests; secondary woodland savannahs of the inferior sub-Andean Amazon in zones with a humid seasonal climate[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Semi-cultivated, Wild
A plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations from about 500 - 2,000 metres[
]. It grows best in areas with high rainfall and mild temperatures[
Although small, the plant grows vigorously and commences fruiting when young[
The plant is self-fertile, producing fruits even when one plant is grown on its own[
The plant hybridizes easily with V. Pubescens, often yielding hybrids that bear fruit of a good flavour[
]. The plant is used in hybridization programmes with other members of the genus[
Fruit. Insipid, when eaten raw they are usually combined with other fruits[
]. Generally eaten cooked with lemon and sugar, when they are said to resemble stewed apricots[
]. The flesh is somewhat tough - it is excellent for dried or candied fruit and also freezes well[
]. The small to very small fruits have a high level of papain[
]. The fruits can be up to 6cm in diameter[
Young seedlings and mature leaves - cooked[
]. Used like cabbage[
Seed - sow in individual containers or in a nursery seedbed in light shade. Germination can be slow and difficult, taking about 30 days[
]. Seedlings can be planted out when 4 - 6 months old[
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