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Useful Tropical Plants

Varronia spinescens

(L.) Borhidi

Boraginaceae

+ Synonyms

Cordia coloradiphila Gilli

Cordia costaricensis I.M.Johnst.

Cordia crenulata A.DC.

Cordia ferruginea (Lam.) Kunth

Cordia laxiflora Kunth

Cordia pauciflora Rusby

Cordia platystachya Killip ex J.Estrada

Cordia poeppigii A.DC.

Cordia pyrifolia Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Cordia rhombifolia Estrada

Cordia riparia Kunth

Cordia spinescens L.

Cordia thibaudiana A.DC.

Lithocardium crenulatum (A.DC.) Kuntze

Lithocardium ferrugineum Kuntze

Lithocardium laxiflorum (Kunth) Kuntze

Lithocardium poeppigii (A.DC.) Kuntze

Lithocardium riparium (Kunth) Kuntze

Lithocardium thibaudianum (A.DC.) Kuntze

Montjolya ferruginea (Lam.) Friesen

Quarena spinescens (L.) Raf.

Tournefortia polystachya Poepp. ex A.DC.

Varronia coloradiphila (Gilli) Borhidi

Varronia costaricensis (I.M.Johnst.) Borhidi

Varronia crenulata Pav. ex A.DC.

Varronia ferruginea Lam.

Varronia laxiflora (Kunth) Borhidi

Varronia martinicensis Desf.

Varronia pauciflora (Rusby) Borhidi

Varronia poeppigii (A.DC.) Borhidi

Varronia pyrifolia Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Varronia riparia (Kunth) Borhidi

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Varronia spinescens is a deciduous shrub with long, arching or sprawling branches; it usually grows around 1 - 3 metres tall, occasionally to 6 metres[
485
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Vol 75
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden: Boston.
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
Contains, amongst other things, an article on the flora of Tanzania, a treatment of the genus Xyris and one for the Panamanian Boraginaceae. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.
Varronia spinescens has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

485
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Vol 75
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden: Boston.
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
Contains, amongst other things, an article on the flora of Tanzania, a treatment of the genus Xyris and one for the Panamanian Boraginaceae. It can be downloaded from the internet.

Range

S. America - Bolivia, northern Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama, north to central Brazil.

Habitat

A very widespread, weedy species that can be found in a wide variety of habitats including open disturbed areas and moist ditches along roadsides; at elevations up to 2,000 metres[
485
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Vol 75
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden: Boston.
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
Contains, amongst other things, an article on the flora of Tanzania, a treatment of the genus Xyris and one for the Panamanian Boraginaceae. It can be downloaded from the internet.
]

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height2.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The red, drupaceous fruit is around 4mm long and 3mm wide[
485
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Vol 75
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden: Boston.
Year
1988
ISBN
 
Description
Contains, amongst other things, an article on the flora of Tanzania, a treatment of the genus Xyris and one for the Panamanian Boraginaceae. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
Although we have seen no specific information for this species, the fruits of most Cordia (Varronia) species are comprised of a thin to fairly thick layer of pulpy, sweetish-tasting flesh surrounding a single seed and are more or less edible[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
], (though some are known to cause gastric disturbances).

Medicinal

The entire plant is used in the treatment of skin diseases and fevers[
1905
Title
Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the medicinal species of the genus Cordia (Boraginaceae)
Publication
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 69 (2017), pp. 755-789
Author
Oza M.J. & Kulkarni Y.A.
Website
http://10.1111/jphp.12715
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The plant is used to treat cuts[
1783
Title
Enciclopedia de las Plantas Útiles del Ecuador
Publication
 
Author
de la Torre, L., Navarrete H., P. Muriel M., Macía M.J. & Ba
Publisher
Herbario QCA de la Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Pontific
Year
2008
ISBN
978-9978-77-135-8
Description
 
].

A decoction of the leaves has a sedative effect upon the womb and is used in the treatment of postpartum pain[
1783
Title
Enciclopedia de las Plantas Útiles del Ecuador
Publication
 
Author
de la Torre, L., Navarrete H., P. Muriel M., Macía M.J. & Ba
Publisher
Herbario QCA de la Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Pontific
Year
2008
ISBN
978-9978-77-135-8
Description
 
,
1905
Title
Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the medicinal species of the genus Cordia (Boraginaceae)
Publication
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 69 (2017), pp. 755-789
Author
Oza M.J. & Kulkarni Y.A.
Website
http://10.1111/jphp.12715
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. An infusion of the leaves is taken during menstruation to stop excessive bleeding[
1783
Title
Enciclopedia de las Plantas Útiles del Ecuador
Publication
 
Author
de la Torre, L., Navarrete H., P. Muriel M., Macía M.J. & Ba
Publisher
Herbario QCA de la Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Pontific
Year
2008
ISBN
978-9978-77-135-8
Description
 
]
The leaves are applied topically as a treatment on burns[
1905
Title
Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the medicinal species of the genus Cordia (Boraginaceae)
Publication
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 69 (2017), pp. 755-789
Author
Oza M.J. & Kulkarni Y.A.
Website
http://10.1111/jphp.12715
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The leaves, rubbed on the body, are used to treat irritated skin or skin infected by fungi[
1783
Title
Enciclopedia de las Plantas Útiles del Ecuador
Publication
 
Author
de la Torre, L., Navarrete H., P. Muriel M., Macía M.J. & Ba
Publisher
Herbario QCA de la Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas de la Pontific
Year
2008
ISBN
978-9978-77-135-8
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-11-27. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Varronia+spinescens>

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