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Useful Tropical Plants

Varronia bullata

L.

Boraginaceae

+ Synonyms

Buddleja boliviana Pax

Cordia asperrima A.DC.

Cordia bullata (L.) Roem. & Schult.

Cordia dasycephala (Desv.) Kunth

Cordia globosa (Jacq.) Kunth

Cordia humilis (Jacq.) G.Don

Cordia jacmeliana E.H.L.Krause

Cordia pilulifera Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Cordia sphaerocephala Humb. ex Roem. & Schult.

Lithocardium dasycephalum Kuntze

Lithocardium globosum Kuntze

Varronia asperrima Friesen

Varronia dasycephala Desv.

Varronia dasycephala Spreng. ex A.DC.

Varronia globosa Jacq.

Varronia humilis Jacq.

Varronia jacmeliana (E.H.L.Krause) Friesen

Varronia mexicana Friesen

Varronia pilulifera Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Varronia sphaerocephala Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Varronia bullata is an erect, deciduous shrub growing around 1 - 3 metres tall[
72
Title
Manual of the Southeastern Flora.
Publication
 
Author
Small J.K.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
University of N. Carolina Press.
Year
1933
ISBN
 
Description
Getting rather dated now, an immense work covering the flora of Southeastern N. America. No pictures, it is not for the casual reader. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.
Varronia bullata is widespread throughout the Neotropics. It does not pass any of the thresholds for the threatened categories and is not subject to specific threats leading to population decline. It is also subject to ex situ conservation measures. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2014)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

72
Title
Manual of the Southeastern Flora.
Publication
 
Author
Small J.K.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
University of N. Carolina Press.
Year
1933
ISBN
 
Description
Getting rather dated now, an immense work covering the flora of Southeastern N. America. No pictures, it is not for the casual reader. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

S. America - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama to southern & western Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to the Bahamas and Florida

Habitat

Damp or dry, brushy, sometimes rocky thickets and slopes, occasionally in fields, at elevations from 500 - 1,400 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Shrub
Height2.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Plants can flower and produce fruit all year round[
72
Title
Manual of the Southeastern Flora.
Publication
 
Author
Small J.K.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
University of N. Carolina Press.
Year
1933
ISBN
 
Description
Getting rather dated now, an immense work covering the flora of Southeastern N. America. No pictures, it is not for the casual reader. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A tea prepared from leaves is used to ease a painful menstruation[
1905
Title
Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the medicinal species of the genus Cordia (Boraginaceae)
Publication
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 69 (2017), pp. 755-789
Author
Oza M.J. & Kulkarni Y.A.
Website
http://10.1111/jphp.12715
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. (As Cordia globosa)

The aerial parts are antitussive, astringent, haemostatic and tonic[
1907
Title
Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cordia globosa
Publication
Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. Vol. 10(11), pp. 179-184, 22 March, 2016
Author
Melissa M. et al
Website
http://10.5897/AJPP2015.4444
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1996-0816
Description
 
]. An infusion is used to treat diseases like skin fungal infections, throat infections and gastrointestinal upsets of posible infectious origin[
1907
Title
Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cordia globosa
Publication
Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. Vol. 10(11), pp. 179-184, 22 March, 2016
Author
Melissa M. et al
Website
http://10.5897/AJPP2015.4444
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1996-0816
Description
 
].

The major constituent of the essential oil in the aerail parts of the plant is alpha-pinene. The essential oil has shown antimicrobial activity on bacterial and fungi strains of medical importance. The oil presents antimicrobial activity against Gram positive and Gram-negative bacteria and five fungal strains. The present study supports the use in folk medicine of the aerial parts of the plant in the treatment of gastrointestinal, respiratory, and dermatological diseases[
1907
Title
Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cordia globosa
Publication
Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. Vol. 10(11), pp. 179-184, 22 March, 2016
Author
Melissa M. et al
Website
http://10.5897/AJPP2015.4444
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
1996-0816
Description
 
]..

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-05. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Varronia+bullata>

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