Tiliacora gilletii De Wild.
Tiliacora trichantha Diels
Triclisia flava Exell
Triclisia gilletii (De Wild.) Staner
Triclisia semnophylla Diels
Triclisia dictyophylla is a climbing plant or scrambling shrub with stems that can be up to 30 metres long and 10cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
In several parts of Central Africa the root, especially the root bark, is an ingredient of arrow poison[
Tropical Africa - Liberia to Central African Republic and southern Ethiopia, south to Angola and DR Congo.
Dense, humid lowland to medium-elevation forests at elevations up to 400 metres[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
The macerated root is taken as an abortifacient and emmenagogue[
]. A decoction is drunk as a vermifuge, whereas the roots are taken raw to treat venereal diseases[
]. The grated roots are taken to treat snakebites and expel roundworm[
The root pulp or root sap is rubbed into scarifications to treat joint pain, epileptic attacks, oedema, venereal diseases and anaemia[
]. A bark or root decoction is used as a wash to calm palpitations[
A decoction of the twig bark is widely taken to treat fever and malaria, and also to treat diarrhoea, stomach problems and purulent catarrh[
]. The powdered stem bark is used in the treatment of leprosy[
A root bark decoction is taken as a treatment for stomach problems and dysentery, convulsive coughing and feverish stiffness of the limbs[
The leaf juice is used to ease coughs[
]. The leaves are suspended from the ceiling to help children with breathing problems[
]. The juice of young leaves is diluted and administered as a painkiller to patients with mental health problems during attacks[
The characteristic bioactive compounds in the plant are bisbenzyl-isoquinoline alkaloids and related dioxin alkaloids[
A range of alkaloids have been found in the roots, stems and leaves[
A methanol extract of the stem bark has shown strong activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro and a less strong, but significant effect against Trypanosoma brucei[
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