Trichosanthes brevibracteata Kundu
Trichosanthes pachyrrhachis Kundu
Common Name: Wild Snake Gourd
Wild snake gourd is an annual, climbing plant producing stems up to 6 metres long that can sprawl over the ground or climb into other plants for support, attaching themselves by means of tendrils.
This is the wild species from which the edible snake gourds (Trichosanthes cucumerina anguina) have been developed. Its fruit is bitter and inedible, but the plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use.
E. Asia - China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Australia.
Open forest, forest margins and scrub vegetation, at elevations up to 1000 metres, occasionally to 1,500 metres[
]. Jungles along valleys, thickets on mountain slopes at elevations of 400 - 1,600 metres in southern China[
Wild snake gourd is a plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations from sea level to 1,500 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 35°c, but can tolerate 14 - 38°c[
]. The plant does not tolerate frost. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 2,000 - 2,500mm, but tolerates 700 - 4,200mm[
Prefers a sunny position, tolerating light shade[
]. Requires a rich well-drained soil and plenty of moisture in the growing season[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6.5 - 7, tolerating 6 - 8[
]. Plants are intolerant of drought[
The fruit is bitter and inedible[
The fruit is emetic, purgative and vermifuge[
The inner pulp of the fruit is made into a syrup to treat cough[
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