Cupania trachycarpa Griseb.
Trichilia arborea C. DC.
Trichilia cathartica Mart.
Trichilia chiapensis Matuda
Trichilia glaziovii C. DC.
Trichilia goyazana C. DC.
Trichilia karwinskyana C. DC.
Trichilia longifolia C.DC.
Trichilia microcarpa C.DC.
Trichilia multiflora Casar.
Trichilia multifoliola C.DC.
Trichilia multijuga C.DC.
Trichilia oxyphylla C.DC.
Trichilia parvifoliola C.DC.
Trichilia pringlei Rose
Trichilia pyramidata Harms
Trichilia schiedeana C.DC.
Trichilia spondiodes Jacq.
Trichilia verrucata Suess.
Trichilia wawrana C.DC.
Trichilia welwitschii C.DC.
Common Name: Red Cedar
Red cedar is a deciduous shrub or small tree with a rounded crown of dense foliage, growing up to 20 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 20 - 50cm in diameter[
The seeds are sold in local markets as a source of oil[
]. An ornamental tree, it is suitable for planting along streets, being particularly useful for narrow streets[
S. America - Paraguay, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; north to the Caribbean and through Central America to Mexico.
Moist or dry thickets, sometimes in rather open, mixed forest, most commonly found in lowland areas but extending to 1,800 metres[
]. Open forests in the limestone and coastal (chiefly dry coast) regions of Puerto Rico[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a sunny position[
]. Succeeds in a wide range of soils[
The juice of the leaves is rubbed on the limbs to relieve convulsions[
The root is a strong purgative[
A pioneer plant, it can be used in reforestation schemes on reclaimed and protected land[
The seeds contain about 48% oil. The expressed oil is a favourite cosmetic, used to give lustre and smoothness to women's hair and perhaps also to destroy parasites[
The heartwood is reddish-brown with darker veins; the sapwood light brown[
]. The wood is hard, heavy, strong, durable, medium-textured, fairly straight-grained, somewhat splintery, takes a high polish[
]. It, is suitable for cabinet making, furniture, lathe work and implements[
The wood is used for fuel[
Seed - do not remove the fleshy covering around the seed because it does not tolerate being dried, and has a short viability of up to 1 month[
]. Sow the seed as soon as it is ripe, either in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers, choosing a position in light shade[
]. The germination rate is usually low, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 40 days. Pot up seedbed-grown seedlings into individual pots when they are 4- 5cm tall and they should be ready for planting out into their permanent positions 5 - 7 months later[
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