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Useful Tropical Plants

Trichilia gilgiana

Harms

Meliaceae

+ Synonyms

Trichilia bipindeana C.DC.

Trichilia hylobia Harms

Common Name:

Trichilia gilgiana
Fruit opening
Photograph by: A. Gentry
Creative Commons License
Trichilia gilgiana Trichilia gilgiana

General Information

Trichilia gilgiana is a medium-sized, evergreen tree with a strongly branched, spreading crown; usually growing 10 - 20 metres tall, but with some specimens to 30 metres. The bole is sometimes fluted, though it is usually cylindrical, 20 - 40cm in diameter, exceptionally to 100cm[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The bole can be unbranched for about 60% of the height of the tree.
The tree is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and for its timber.

Known Hazards

The wood dust may cause irritation to the respiratory tracts and skin in wood workers[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Botanical References


Range

West tropical Africa - Nigeria to DR Congo, south to northern Angola.

Habitat

Rainforest[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Lowland evergreen and semi-deciduous secondary forest, often in the understorey, at elevations up to 950 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark is considered to have analgesic and stimulant properties. It is used in traditional medicine to treat abdominal, chest and fever pains, and as a tonic[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The sap of young leaves is applied to circumcision wounds and small quantities of pulverized leaves are added to drinking water to treat respiratory problems in children[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is greyish white to pinkish grey or pinkish brown; indistinctly demarcated from the creamy white sapwood. The grain is often interlocked; the texture fine to moderately coarse; quarter-sawn wood is lustrous and has darker stripes and irregular bands[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The wood is medium-weight; not durable; susceptible to fungal, termite, dry-wood borer and marine borer attacks. It is difficult to saw because of the high silica content, which causes blunting of saw teeth and cutting edges; it planes satisfactorily, but quarter-sawn surfaces may be rough because of the presence of interlocked grain; the nailing properties are good; gluing properties moderate[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The wood is suitable for light construction, interior trim, vehicle bodies, furniture, cabinet work, boxes, crates, toys, novelties, veneer, plywood, hardboard and particle board, as well as pulpwood for paper production[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Trichilia+gilgiana>

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