Candida albicans Willd. ex Steud.
Celtis canescens Decne.
Celtis canescens Kunth
Celtis chichilea Ruiz & Pav. ex Planch.
Celtis curiandiuba M.Gómez ex Planch.
Celtis lima Sw.
Celtis macrophylla Kunth
Celtis micrantha (L.) Sw.
Celtis microcarpa Salzm. ex Planch.
Celtis mollis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
Celtis riparia Liebm.
Celtis rufescens Banks ex Planchon
Celtis rugosa Willd.
Celtis schiedeana Schltdl.
Rhamnus micrantha L.
Sponia canescens (Kunth) Decne.
Sponia chichilea Planch.
Sponia crassifolia Liebm.
Sponia grisea Liebm.
Sponia integerrima Beurl.
Sponia lima Decne.
Sponia macrophylla (Kunth) Decne.
Sponia micrantha (L.) Decne.
Sponia mollis Decne.
Sponia riparia Decne.
Sponia schiedeana (Schltdl.) Planch.
Trema canescens (Kunth) Blume
Trema chichilea (Planch.) Blume
Trema floridana Britton ex Small
Trema integerrima (Beurl.) Standl.
Trema lima Blume
Trema macrophylla Blume
Trema melinona Blume
Trema mollis Blume
Trema riparia Blume
Trema rufescens Blume
Trema schiedeana (Schltdl.) Blume
Trema strigillosa Lundell
Trema micrantha is an evergreen or semideciduous shrub or tree with a dense, wide, oblong crown; it can grow 5 - 15 metres tall. The bole can be 20 - 40cm in diameter and free of branches for up to 4.5 metres[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of a fibre and wood. It is a good pioneer species that can be used for restoring native woodland and also for establishing woodland gardens[
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama to Mexico; western Caribbean
Various forest formations, favouring more open, secondary growth formations but tolerant of a wide range of soil types and environmental conditions so long as they are not too wet[
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Grows best in a sunny position[
]. Succeeds in a wide range of soils and conditions, so long as they are not too wet[
A fast-growing tree, able to reach a height of more than 3 metres within 2 years from seed[
The tree can flower and produce fruit virtually all year round[
The sap is used in the treatment of sore eyes[
A fast-growing tree that is one of the first woody species to invade open land; it succeeds in full sun and a wide range of soil conditions; it is a good source of food for native fauna; it can be used as a pioneer species when restoring native woodland and also for establishing woodland gardens[
A strong, tough fibre is obtained from the bark[
]. It is used for cordage[
Strips of the bark are used for tying house rafters[
The oatmeal-coloured or pale brown wood is odourless and tasteless; straight or fairly straight-grained ; medium-textured. The wood is light in weight, weak (firm and strong in another report[
]), of low durability. Easy to cut, it takes a smooth polish. It can be used locally for making boards and rafters[
The wood is used for fuel and to make a good quality charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A moderate germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 4 - 6 months[
]. When the seedlings are 3 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out less than 4 months later[
The seed can remain viable for several years in storage[
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