Apium involucratum Roxb.
Carum roxburghianum Benth. & Hook.f.
Carum stictocarpum C.B.Clarke
Pimpinella involucrata (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
Ptychotis involucrata (Roxb.) Lindl.
Ptychotis roxburghiana DC.
Trachyspermum involucratum (Roxb.) H.Wolff
Trachyspermum stictocarpum (C.B.Clarke) H.Wolff
Common Name: Ajmud
Ajmud is an erect, usually much branched annual plant growing 20 - 100cm tall.
The plant is widely cultivated, especially in India but also to a lesser degree in much of southeast Asia, for its seed which is used in curries[
E. Asia - Original habitat is unknown, it probably arose in India through cultivation.
Not known in a truly wild situation, but adventive on forest margins and in ruderal areas as an escape from cultivation[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
The plant is cultivated in southeast Asia at elevations up to 750 metres[
The plant seems to prefer not too heavy, fertile, calcareous soils[
Seed - used in curries[
]. One of the lesser-known ingredients of curries, they are also used in pickles, chutneys and preserves[
].. A very strong spice, with a characteristic smell similar to parsley[
]. The fruits are very aromatic, both odour and taste are reminiscent of celery; the taste is at first slightly bitter, becoming strongly aromatic and producing a slight numbness of the tongue[
]. In Bengali cuisine the seeds are used whole, quickly fried in very hot oil until they crackle[
Leaves - raw or cooked, They are occasionally used as a substitute for parsley when flavouring various dishes[
]. The leaves are also eaten raw or steamed with rice[
The leaves are used to make a kind of tea[
The fruits are a reputed medicine in Indian medicine where they are used as a cardiotonic, carminative, emmenagogue and stimulant[
]. They are used in the treatment of dyspepsia, bronchitis and asthma[
The fruits yield up to 2.5% essential oil, up to 4.5% fixed oil, and up to 0.1% of a crystalline ketonic compound[
]. This latter has powerful antispasmodic activity, it lowers blood pressure by direct action on the blood vessels[
The essential oil can be obtained by steam distillation. It is greenish-yellow and its main components are limonene 35.1%, 'ALFA'-terpinene 19.4%, piperitone 13.6%, terpineol 5.7%, linalool 4.7%, and thymol 1.7%. The essential oil also lowers blood pressure and has diuretic properties[
The fruit residue after essential-oil extraction has cardiotonic properties[
Extracts, or powders, from various parts of the plant are very effective against insect pests of stored grains such as Callosobruchus chinensis, Sitophilus oryzae and Trogoderma granarium; they are also used against housefly (Musca domestica)[
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