The name is spelled Terminalia calamansanay in some publications[
Gimbernatea calamansanai Blanco
Terminalia blancoi Merr.
Terminalia calamansanai is a deciduous tree with an open, flat-topped crown, reaching a height of up to 30 - 40 metres. The bole is straight and cylindrical with a diameter of up to 80cm and tall, thin, spreading buttresses up to 9 metres in height[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. The wood is also used.
Southeast Asia - Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
A canopy or emergent tree on well-drained lower slopes at elevations from sea level to 500 metres[
]. Limestone cliffs, in lowland forest and by roads and ricefields[
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A plant of the lowland wet tropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 500 metres. It grows best in areas where the mean maximum and minimum annual temperatures are within the range 28 - 34°c, though it can tolerate 18 - 38°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 3,000 - 4,000mm, though can tolerate from 2,000 - 5,000mm[
]. It seems to be confined to areas with a distinct dry season[
Requires a sunny position[
]. Prefers a fertile, well-drained, loamy to clayey soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 6.6, but tolerates 4.5 - 7.5[
Annual wood production potential is 25 - 30 cubic metres per hectare[
Seeds - raw or cooked[
The fruits are eaten raw[
The bark is astringent and lithotriptic[
]. It is used both internally and externally[
The tree is wind-firm[
The heartwood is whitish when freshly cut, becoming grayish yellow upon exposure; it is not clearly demarcated from the sapwood. The texture is rather coarse in appearance, but smooth; the grain is often finely wavy or curly, with a distinct figure formed by concentric bands of soft tissue. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; moderately hard; not very durable and often attacked by shot-hole beetles[
]. It is used for foundation piles, cheap or temporary construction; cheap furniture; paving blocks, ties, mine timbers; it is seldom sawn into lumber or used for construction because it is not durable[
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