Clerodendrum esquirolii H.Lév.
Schizocapsa breviscapa (Ostenf.) H.Limpr.
Tacca esquirolii (H.Lév.) Rehder
Tacca garrettii Craib
Tacca macrantha H.Limpr.
Tacca minor Ridl.
Tacca paxiana H.Limpr.
Tacca roxburghii H.Limpr.
Tacca vespertilio Ridl.
Tacca wilsonii H.Limpr.
Tacca chantrieri is a herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of leaves on long petioles from a thick, horizontally creeping, subcylindric rhizomes. The petioles are around 10 - 30cm long with leaf blades 20 - 60cm long and 7 - 25cm wide, The flowering scapes are up to 55cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. The rhizomes are harvested as a source of diosgenin, a phytosteroid sapogenin that is used to manufacture a number of steroid medicines.
E. Asia - southern China, Bangladesh, northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaya
]. Forests, valleys, along rivers; at elevations from 200 - 1,300 metres[
Tender leaves - eaten in curries[
Inflorescences - eaten in curries[
An alcoholic maceration of the rhizome is used externally as a liniment in the treatment of rheumatism[
]. Oral administration is prohibited in Vietnamese herbalism[
The rhizome is also used as raw material for the extraction of diosgenin.
The rhizomes can be harvested at any time of the year. They are washed, then dried for later use[
The rhizomes contain cholan saponins that yield diosgenin on hydrolysis, taccaoside and beta-sitosterol[
Diosgenin is a phytosteroid sapogenin. It is widely used in modern medicine in order to manufacture cortisone, progesterone and other steroid drugs. These are used as contraceptives and in the treatment of various disorders of the genitary organs as well as in a host of other diseases such as asthma and arthritis[
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