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Useful Tropical Plants

Symplocos cochinchinensis

(Lour.) S.Moore

Symplocaceae

+ Synonyms

Bobua divaricativena (Hayata) Kaneh. & Sasaki

Dicalix cochinchinensis Lour.

Dicalix javanicus Blume

Dicalix theophrastifolius (Siebold & Zucc.) Migo

Maesa aurea H.Lév.

Maesa bodinieri H.Lév. & Blin.

Symplocos angustifolia Guill.

Symplocos balfourii H.Lév.

Symplocos bodinieri Brand

Symplocos divaricativena Hayata

Symplocos dung Eberh. & Dubard

Symplocos ferruginea Roxb.

Symplocos ferruginifolia Kaneh.

Symplocos javanica (Blume) Kurz

Symplocos konishii Hayata

Symplocos kotoensis Hayata

Symplocos laurina (Retz.) Wall. ex G.Don

Symplocos schaefferae Merr.

Symplocos spicata Roxb.

Symplocos stenophylla Merr. & Chun ex H.L.Li

Symplocos stenostachys Hayata

Symplocos terminalis Brand

Symplocos theophrastifolia Siebold & Zucc.

Symplocos vinosodentata H.Lév.

Common Name:

Symplocos cochinchinensis
Cultivated tree in Vietnam
Photograph by: Hungda
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Symplocos cochinchinensis Symplocos cochinchinensis Symplocos cochinchinensis Symplocos cochinchinensis Symplocos cochinchinensis

General Information

Symplocos cochinchinensis is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 35 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is up to 50cm in diameter[
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.
,
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
].
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food, dye and source of beads, tannins and wood. The variety sessifolia is used as a pioneer species when reclaimimg crater fields in volcanic areas.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.

Range

E. Asia - China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea to Australia and Fiji.

Habitat

An understorey tree in primary mixed dipterocarp forest and the more open, secondary formations; growing on the slopes of hills and on ridges, sometimes by streams; on brown soils; at elevations up to 1,800 metres, most common above 1,300 metres[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
PollinatorsBees, Insects, Self
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The very young growth of the variety sessifolia is sometimes eaten as a lalab (a vegetable salad served with sambal)[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

Symplocos cochinchinensis var. sessifolia is very resistant against poisonous crater gases and acid soil conditions. It can act as a pioneer species in crater fields in Java, sometimes dwarfing down to very small size, although still producing flowers and fruit; in the surrounding closed elfin forest it is a common small tree, growing together with Vaccinium, Myriea, Myrsine, Leptospermum, etc[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Other Uses

The bark is rich in tannin and aluminium. A decoction of the bark is used to produce yellow red and brown dyes that have been used in the Batik industry in Java[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Women wear the seeds as beads, especially after giving birth, as a protection against evil spirits[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

The white to yellow sapwood is moderately hard. The wood is used for heavier construction, such as house posts and frames[
443
Title
Biotik, Laos
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://biotik.org/species_list_laos.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on more than 100 species of Laotian trees.
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Symplocos+cochinchinensis>

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