Strigilia ferruginea (Nees & Mart.) Miers
Strigilia florida (Pohl) Miers
Strigilia nervosa (A.DC.) Miers
Strigilia parvifolia (Pohl) Miers
Strigilia reticulata (Mart.) Miers
Styrax burchellii longifolius Perkins
Styrax floridus Pohl
Styrax nervosus A.DC.
Styrax parvifolius Pohl
Styrax reticulatus Mart.
Styrax ferrugineus is an evergreen tree with a dense, globose crown; it can grow 7 - 14 metres tall. The bole is slightly crooked, about 20 - 30cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its aromatic resin and wood, which are used locally.
S. America - Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia.
Savannah and its transition to semi-deciduous forest, mainly in dry terrain in primary and secondary formations[
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Requires a sunny position[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
Newly planted young trees grow away slowly[
The fruit has a sweet, juicy pulp[
]. This report does not say that the fruit is edible[
A balsamic resin obtained from the trunk can be used as a substitute for styrax or benzoin (Styrax benzoin and Styrax officinale)[
]. These uses are as follows:-
Benzoin gum contains variable quantities of cinnamic, benzoic and sumaresinolinic acid esters; free acids such as benzoic acid; benzaldehyde and vanillin[
]. The gum is strongly antiseptic, carminative, expectorant and astringent[
]. In Chinese medicine it is considered to be a circulatory stimulant[
Taken internally, the gum acts to settle griping pains, to stimulate coughing and to disinfect the urinary tract[
]. It is used in the treatment of coughs, colds, bronchitis, sore throats[
In the form of a tincture, benzoin is inhaled with steam for the relief of catarrh, laryngitis, bronchitis and upper respiratory tract disorders[
It is used externally on wounds and ulcers to tighten and disinfect the affected tissue[
]. It is also used for the prevention and treatment of cold sores, for the treatment of warts and to freshen and soothe dry skin and ameliorate skin allergies[
The tree is sometimes used in mixed reforestation schemes in dry areas and on poor soils[
An aromatic resin is obtained from the trunk when it is tapped[
]. It is used as an incense in religious ceremonies[
The wood is moderately heavy, moderately hard, with poor mechanical properties and of low durability when exposed[
]. It is used in construction, internal works, making, boxes, toys, light utensils etc[
The wood is used for fuel and making charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[
]. Sow the seed in individual containers in light shade. Germination rates are usually low, with the seed taking a long time to sprout[
]. Seedlings grow away slowly, taking more than 11 months from germination to being ready to plant out[
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