Acacia guianensis (Aubl.) Willd.
Folianthera guianensis (Aubl.) Raf.
Mimosa guianensis Aubl.
Piptadenia guianensis (Aubl.) Benth.
Stryphnodendron guianense is a small tree growing about 12 metres tall[
The bark is commonly used in Brazil to treat wounds and various skin problems. The bark is also a source of tannins, dyestuff and ink.
S. America - Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela.
Old secondary forests on sandy soils, savannah forest margins[
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This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The bark has the same medicinal uses as Stryphnodendron adstringens[
]. These are as follows:-
The bark is strongly astringent, haemostatic, styptic and vulnerary due to the presence of tannins[
]. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery; haemorrhages of the uterus[
Applied externally, the bark is used to treat wounds, ulcers and various skin problems[
One of the trees many common names, Virgin's Bark, derives from the use made of it by prostitutes[
The seedpods are equally rich in tannin and have similar uses[
The leaves are tonic[
The bark is a good source of tannins[
The wood is very strong[
]. It is used for making furniture[
The following uses for Stryphnodendron adstringens also apply to this species[
A red dye is obtained from the bark[
]. It can be used to make a red ink[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. The seed germinates better if it is first soaked for 12 - 24 hours in warm water or is scarified by making a small nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the seed). Sow the seed in a nursery seedbed or individual containers in a semi-shaded position in well-drained soil.
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