Strychnos bourdillonii Brandis
Strychnos cinnamomifolia Thwaites
Strychnos cirrhosa Stokes
Strychnos gauthierana Pierre ex Dop
Strychnos pierriana A.W.Hill
Strychnos rheedei C.B.Clarke
Strychnos tubiflora A.W.Hill
Strychnos wallichiana is a robust climbing shrub with stems up to 20 metres long. The stems climb into the surrounding vegetation, attaching themselves by means of tendrils and hooks[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.
The plant is poisonous[
E. Asia - southern China, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia.
Tropical evergreen forests, mixed woodlands on limestone; at elevations from 200 - 600 metres[
Although toxic, the plant is taken internally as well as externally in traditional medicine. However, internal use needs to be very carefully monitored by skilled practitioners[
The stem-bark and branch-bark are effective in treating rheumatism, ostealgia, paralytic cramp of the extremities, lumbago, sciatica, colic and diarrhoea.[
The bark is used internally as an aphrodisiac; it is also said to be very efficacious in the treatment of leprosy and is used as an antidote for rabies[
Used externally, the powdered bark is dampened with alcohol and applied to the bites of dogs and also to various skin infections including scabies, leprosy and certain persistent dermatoses[283. 785].
The bark is prepared by ridding it of its outer layer, then soaking it for 3 days in rice-rinse water, before drying it for storage[
(These reports on the use of the bark are for Strychnos gauthierana, which is placed here as a synonym of Strychnos wallichiana. However, some reports say that Strychnos guatheriana should be placed as a synonym of Strychnos malaccensis[
A decoction of the root is applied in the treatment of ulcers, rheumatism, elephantiasis, fever and epilepsy[
The plant contains the alkaloids brucine and strychnine[
]. The bark contains 2.37 - 2.43% strychnine and 2.81% brucine[
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