Strychnos henriquesiana Gilg
Strychnos littoralis A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Strychnos malifolia Baker
Strychnos marquesi Baker
Strychnos microcarpa Baker
Strychnos moloneyi Baker
Strychnos subscandens Baker
Strychnos welwitschii Gilg
Strychnos floribunda is a vigorous climbing shrub producing stems that can be up to 30 metres long and 13cm in diameter. The stems grow up into the forest canopy, attaching themselves by means of tendrils[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
Although we have no specific information for this species, it contains several alkaloids and this, in all but small quantities, are toxic[
West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to the Central African Republic, south to Angola, northern Madagascar.
Dense rainforest, also in more open secondary forest, often on river banks; at elevations from sea-level up to 800 metres[
A decoction of the stem and root bark is taken to treat kidney diseases[
Applied externally, the decoction is used as a wash to treat palpitations[
A decoction of the stem bark, in palm oil, is applied in small amounts to the tongue to treat palpitations, tachycardia and other symptoms of heart disease[
A maceration of the root wood is taken to treat oedema[
The stem bark contains several indole alkaloids and the common sterols β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol.[
One of the alkaloids, bisnordihydrotoxiferine, is known to exhibit antimicrobial activity in vivo and has shown in-vivo antidiarrhoeal activity[
Two other alkaloids, decussine and rouhamine, have a pronounced muscle-relaxant activity[
Stem bark extracts have shown muscle-relaxant and convulsive effects, and have also shown antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus[
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