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Useful Tropical Plants

Stahlia monosperma

(Tul.) Urb.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Caesalpinia monosperma Tul.

Stahlia maritima Bello

Common Name: Cóbana Polisandro

Stahlia monosperma
Stahlia monosperma Stahlia monosperma Stahlia monosperma

General Information

Stahlia monosperma is an evergreen tree; it usually grows from 7 - 15 metres tall, but can reach 20 metres. The bole can be 30 - 45cm in diameter, occasionally reaching 100cm. Trees in the wild are usually small because most of the larger trees have been cut down[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
A valuable wood, it has been commonly harvested from the wild for local use.
The species has become extremely rare throughout its range as a result of over-exploitation of its wood. In Puerto Rico fewer than 20 trees are thought to exist in Boqueron and Sabana Grande. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(1998)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Caribbean - Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic.

Habitat

Margins of mangroves, marshy deltas and in coastal forests[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height10.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The seedpods have a pleasant aroma of ripe apples, though their flesh is tasteless[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The heartwood is dark brown; the sapwood light brown. The wood is very hard, heavy, strong, durable, and resistant to attack by drywood termites. Suitable for furniture, although it is considered somewhat hard for this purpose. It was mostly used for construction in the past when more trees were available.

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Stahlia+monosperma>

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