Agrostis barbata Pers.
Agrostis congener Schumach.
Agrostis distichophylla Roem. & Schult.
Agrostis dura Willd. ex Steud.
Agrostis juncea Lam.
Agrostis littoralis Lam.
Agrostis pungens Muhl.
Agrostis tremula Willd.
Agrostis virginica L.
Aira sabuletorum Steud.
Aira sabulonum Labill.
Aira sabulonum uniflora Balansa
Aira subulorum D.Dietr.
Crypsis maritima Munro ex MacOwan
Crypsis virginica (L.) Nutt.
Podosemum virginicum (L.) Link
Sporobolus benthamii robustus Domin
Sporobolus confertus J.A.Schmidt
Sporobolus geniculatus (Nees ex Steud.) Nees ex Aitch.
Sporobolus humilis minor Veldkamp
Sporobolus littoralis (Lam.) Kunth
Sporobolus matrella Nees
Sporobolus minutus confertus (J.A.Schmidt) Lobin
Sporobolus sundaicus Ohwi
Sporobolus tremulus (Trin.) Kunth
Vilfa barbata P.Beauv.
Vilfa conferta (J.A.Schmidt) Steud.
Vilfa dura Trin.
Vilfa geniculata Nees ex Steud.
Vilfa intermedia Trin.
Vilfa littoralis (Lam.) P.Beauv.
Vilfa luxurians Steud.
Vilfa matrella Nees
Vilfa murina Sieber ex Steud.
Vilfa tremula Trin.
Vilfa virginica (L.) P.Beauv.
Zoysia tremula B.D.Jacks.
Sporobolus virginicus is a low-growing, vigorous, evergreen perennial grass that spreads freely by rhizomes and can form large, dense colonies. The erect culms are 10 - 40cm tall, the roots can grow down to 45cm deep[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is used in soil stabilization programmes, especially along wind-eroded shorelines.
Widespread in the warm temperate to tropical zones of Africa, eastern Asia, Australasia, the Pacific, Caribbean, North and South America.
Sandy or muddy seashores and saline marshes, sometimes forming extensive colonies[
]. Commonly found in coastal dune habitats, where it does best if the sea water level fluctuates from 5cm above soil surface to 15cm below[
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Sporobolus virginicus is widely spread through the warm temperate to tropical regions of the world, growing mainly in coastal areas and adapted to low rainfall and high salinity[
Often found wild in sand dunes, the plant also does well in a variety of different soils from clays to sands[
]. The plant is well adapted for growing in low-fertility soils[
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
Although Sporobolus virginicus does produce seed, very little of it is viable. The only practical way to propagate it is by vegetative rhizomatous slips[
The plant (part not specified) is used to relieve urinary irritation and throat irritation[
Sporobolus virginicus does very well as a dune stabilizer on wind-eroded shorelines. It has potential for stream bank stabilization and also roadside slope stabilization[
Seed - the plants often produce very little viable seed. If seed is available, sow in situ and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.
Division of the rhizomes. Actively growing rhizomes should be selected for propagation - cutting back the top growth a few weeks prior to division can increase rhizome growth. Cut the rhizomes into sections 7 - 10cm long and plant in a sterile, well drained medium in a greenhouse. Keep in 50% shade until the divisions are rooting well and then place in a sunny position and grow on until large enough to plant out.
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