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Useful Tropical Plants

Spatholobus gyrocarpus

Benth.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Butea gyrocarpa (Benth.) Blatt.

Spatholobus sanguineus (A.Heller) A.Heller

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Spatholobus gyrocarpus is a vigorous climbing shrub with stems that can be 45 metres long and 10 - 15cm in diameter
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
The lowland forest habitat of this species is threatened by clearance for agriculture and plantations, forestry and urban development. However, the plant has been recorded from secondary forest and along roadside and may, therefore, tolerate some disturbance. It is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia (Kalimantan), Philippines

Habitat

Mixed primary or secondary lowland forest.; at elevations up to 400 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height30.00 m
Growth RateFast
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The sap is used, as a treatment for fungal infections of the mouth[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The plant is used to heal wounds, especially fresh, bloody wounds[
1612
Title
Subtle and Profound Sensory Attributes of Medicinal Plants among the Kenyah Leppo'Ke of East Kalimantan, Borneo
Publication
Journal of Ethnobiology 24(2): 173-201
Author
Gollin L.X.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

We have no specific information for this species, but an astringent, red-brown sap exudes from the bark of most species in this genus. This sap hardens upon exposure to air, forming a kino[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. Kino is an astringent gum, rich in tannins, that is used medicinally, and also as a tannin agent and a dye.

The stout stems are used to provide rough cordage[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-07-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Spatholobus+gyrocarpus>

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