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Useful Tropical Plants

Solanum trilobatum

L.

Solanaceae

+ Synonyms

Solanum canaranum Miq.

Solanum maingayi Kuntze

Solanum sarmentosum Nees

Common Name:

Solanum trilobatum
Flowering stems of a plant from Chennai area India
Photograph by: Drorchidaceae
Creative Commons License
Solanum trilobatum Solanum trilobatum

General Information

Solanum trilobatum is a thorny, much-branched, straggling shrub or climbing plant with stems that are usually slightly woody at the base[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
497
Title
The Botany of Bihar and Orissa
Publication
 
Author
Haines H.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Adlard & Son & West Newman Ltd. London
Year
1922
ISBN
 
Description
A flora, it gives many plant uses. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is a fairly popular medicine, especially in India, where it is often harvested from the wild for local use. It is also used locally as a food and is sold as a green vegetable in local markets[
1401
Title
Vitamin C content of commonly eaten green leafy vegetables in fresh and under different storage conditions
Publication
Tropical Plant Research 2(3): 240-245, 2015
Author
Umaramani M. & Sivakanesan R.
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
2349 - 1183
Description
 
]..

Known Hazards

Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
293
Title
Poisonous Plants of North Carolina
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/poison.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent concise but comprehensive guide to toxic plants that grow in N. Carolina. It lists even those plants that are of very low toxicity, including several well-known food plants such as carrots and potatoes.
].
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Botanical References

497
Title
The Botany of Bihar and Orissa
Publication
 
Author
Haines H.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Adlard & Son & West Newman Ltd. London
Year
1922
ISBN
 
Description
A flora, it gives many plant uses. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Southeast Asia - India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia.

Habitat

Tidal swamps and as a weed in gardens and waste ground[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant is often found as a garden weed within its native range[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Plants can flower all year round[
497
Title
The Botany of Bihar and Orissa
Publication
 
Author
Haines H.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Adlard & Son & West Newman Ltd. London
Year
1922
ISBN
 
Description
A flora, it gives many plant uses. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit is edible[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The purple to blackish fruit is about 1cm in diameter[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

The bitter roots and young shoots have been given in the form of an electuary, a decoction or a powder for consumption. The medicine is mainly used for asthma, chronic febrile affections and difficult parturition[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
743
Title
Ethnomedicinal Perspectives of Botanicals used by Malayali Tribes in Vattal Hills of Dharmapuri (TN), India
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 1054-60. 2008.
Author
Ramya S.; Rajasekaran C.; Sivaperumal R.; Krishnan A.; Jayak
Website
http://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/ebl
Publisher
Ethnobotanical Leaflets.
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of 27 plants used medicinally by the Malayali tribes in India.
].

The plant is antibacterial, antifungal, antimitotic, antioxidant and antitumouour[
847
Title
Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Studies of Leaf Extract of Solanum trilobatum Linn.
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 638-42. 2008.
Author
Asirvatham Doss & Rangasamydhanabalan
Publisher
Ethnobotanical Leaflets
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the antibacterial actions of Solanum trilobatum. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is used in the treatment of asthma; vomiting of blood; rheumatism; several kinds of leprosy; to help reduce blood glucose levels, bilious matter and phlegm[
847
Title
Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Studies of Leaf Extract of Solanum trilobatum Linn.
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 638-42. 2008.
Author
Asirvatham Doss & Rangasamydhanabalan
Publisher
Ethnobotanical Leaflets
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the antibacterial actions of Solanum trilobatum. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The leaf juice is drunk as a remedy for fever[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The seeds are used as a vermifuge[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Research has shown that the leaves contain Sugar, Protein, Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Saponins, Tannins, Cardiac glycoside, Terpenoids, Lipids[
847
Title
Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Studies of Leaf Extract of Solanum trilobatum Linn.
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 638-42. 2008.
Author
Asirvatham Doss & Rangasamydhanabalan
Publisher
Ethnobotanical Leaflets
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the antibacterial actions of Solanum trilobatum. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
An extract of the leaves has shown good antimicrobial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria[
847
Title
Preliminary Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Studies of Leaf Extract of Solanum trilobatum Linn.
Publication
Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 638-42. 2008.
Author
Asirvatham Doss & Rangasamydhanabalan
Publisher
Ethnobotanical Leaflets
Year
2008
ISBN
 
Description
A research paper on the antibacterial actions of Solanum trilobatum. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in trays in a nursery. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Very easy, the cuttings root within a couple of weeks.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-03-05. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Solanum+trilobatum>

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