Solanum apoense Elmer
Solanum callium R.J.F.Hend.
Solanum superficiens Adelb.
Solanum spirale is a shrub with erect stems growing from 50 - 400cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is widely used and cultivated in dooryard gardens in India, Thailand, and Laos[
Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
E. Asia - southern China, India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos, to Philippines, Australia.
Thickets, streamsides, wastelands; at elevations from 500 - 1,900 metres[
]. Mid-elevation forests[
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Young leaves - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. The fruit is a dull yellow-orange, globose berry, 11 - 16mm in diameter[
The roots are anaesthetic, diuretic and narcotic[
The bark is broken and soaked in cold water, then used as a febrifuge for adults and infants[
Seed - sow in trays in a nursery. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Very easy, the cuttings root within a couple of weeks.
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