Solanum rugosum is an unarmed, evergreen shrub or small tree with spreading branches; it can grow 1 - 9 metres tall. The short bole can be 10cm in diameter[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
S. America - Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Belize; Caribbean - Leeward Islands to Dominican Republic
Open areas, such as roadsides, thickets, plantations, and river banks in the moist coastal, limestone, and mountain forest regions of Puerto Rico at elevations up to 1,300 metres[
The plant can flower and produce fruit throughout the year[
The seeds are crushed into a powder and used to treat persistent sores and 'bush yaws'[
The fruit is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[
The whitish wood is soft and brittle[
Seed - sow in trays in a nursery. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Very easy, the cuttings root within a couple of weeks.
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