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Useful Tropical Plants

Solanum perlongistylum

G.J.Anderson, Martine, Prohens & Nuez

Solanaceae


This species is very closely related to the widespread Solanum caripense Dunal, and is probably a peripheral isolate from that variable species[
1784
Title
Solanum perlongistylum and S. catilliflorum, New Endemic Peruvian Species of Solanum, Section Basarthrum, Are Close
Publication
Novon 16(2): 161-167 (2006)
Author
Anderson G.J. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
1055-3177
Description
 
]

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Pepino de Monte

No Image.

General Information

Solanum perlongistylum is a trailing or climbing shrub with more or less woody, arching-ascending branches to 100cm or more long, occasionally forming new roots at the leaf nodes[
1784
Title
Solanum perlongistylum and S. catilliflorum, New Endemic Peruvian Species of Solanum, Section Basarthrum, Are Close
Publication
Novon 16(2): 161-167 (2006)
Author
Anderson G.J. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
1055-3177
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.
Solanum perlongistylum is a rare species and only known from a limitd number of localities. It is estimated to be 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
1784
Title
Solanum perlongistylum and S. catilliflorum, New Endemic Peruvian Species of Solanum, Section Basarthrum, Are Close
Publication
Novon 16(2): 161-167 (2006)
Author
Anderson G.J. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
1055-3177
Description
 
].

Known Hazards

Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most species in this genus also contain toxic alkaloids. Whilst these alkaloids can make the plant useful in treaing a range of medical conditions, they can also cause problems such as nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weakness and respiratory depression[
293
Title
Poisonous Plants of North Carolina
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/poison.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent concise but comprehensive guide to toxic plants that grow in N. Carolina. It lists even those plants that are of very low toxicity, including several well-known food plants such as carrots and potatoes.
].
Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Botanical References

1784
Title
Solanum perlongistylum and S. catilliflorum, New Endemic Peruvian Species of Solanum, Section Basarthrum, Are Close
Publication
Novon 16(2): 161-167 (2006)
Author
Anderson G.J. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
1055-3177
Description
 

Range

S. America - Peru

Habitat

Field borders, road cuts, quebradas and riverbanks; at elevations from 2,100 - 3,200 metres[
1784
Title
Solanum perlongistylum and S. catilliflorum, New Endemic Peruvian Species of Solanum, Section Basarthrum, Are Close
Publication
Novon 16(2): 161-167 (2006)
Author
Anderson G.J. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
1055-3177
Description
 
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Edibility Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height1.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
,
1784
Title
Solanum perlongistylum and S. catilliflorum, New Endemic Peruvian Species of Solanum, Section Basarthrum, Are Close
Publication
Novon 16(2): 161-167 (2006)
Author
Anderson G.J. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
1055-3177
Description
 
]. Perceptions on edibility vary in different areas, ranging from inedible to edible and sweet tasting. The globose fruit is pale green or yellowish-green with darker green or purple-black stripes; it is around 22 - 27mm in diameter[
1784
Title
Solanum perlongistylum and S. catilliflorum, New Endemic Peruvian Species of Solanum, Section Basarthrum, Are Close
Publication
Novon 16(2): 161-167 (2006)
Author
Anderson G.J. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
1055-3177
Description
 
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in trays in a nursery. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on fast. Plant them out when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood. Very easy, the cuttings root within a couple of weeks.
Division
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-11-27. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Solanum+perlongistylum>

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